WALAJEH, West Bank | Israel has started construction on a new section of its West Bank separation barrier that Palestinian residents say could sound a death knell for their hamlet.
The barrier, running much of the length of the West Bank, already has disrupted lives in many Palestinian towns and villages in its path. But it threatens to outright smother Walajeh: The community of about 2,000 on the southwestern edge of Jerusalem is to be completely encircled by a fence cutting it off from most of its open land, according to an Israeli Defense Ministry map.
Walajeh old-timers are determined to stay, but doubt their children will feel the same way.
“We will cling to the village by our teeth,” said Adel Atrash, a village council member. “But we don’t know how the next generation will look at things. Maybe they won’t be able to live with all the difficulties and decide to leave.”
Israel began building the barrier in 2002, saying it would be a temporary bulwark against Palestinian suicide bombers and gunmen who have killed hundreds of Israelis. However, the barrier’s zigzag through the West Bank brought allegations that Israel is unilaterally drawing a border and grabbing land by scooping up dozens of Jewish settlements.
Six years ago, the International Court of Justice said in a nonbinding ruling that the barrier’s path through occupied territory violates international law and that Israel should tear down what it has built.
Israel rejected the decision, saying the barrier is crucial for keeping Israelis safe, and denies it is drawing a border.
Construction of the barrier continues as Israel and the Palestinians hold indirect negotiations that the U.S. hopes eventually will lead to face-to-face talks on a peace treaty establishing a Palestinian state. But the Palestinians have refused direct negotiations without a complete freeze on settlement building.
Today, the barrier, almost two-thirds complete, runs for more than 250 miles through the West Bank and East Jerusalem, war-captured territories claimed by the Palestinians for a state. Once finished, the barrier would put 9.4 percent of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, on the Israeli side, along with 85 percent of a half-million Israeli settlers, according to a U.N. report.
The barrier — walls of cement slabs in urban areas and wire fences in the countryside — has made it harder for tens of thousands of Palestinians to reach farmland, schools and medical care.
Those who live in the “seam zone” — between Israel and the barrier — or have farmland there need special permits they can’t always obtain and cross through gates that aren’t always open, according to the U.N. report, issued on the sixth anniversary of the world court ruling.
Walajeh’s fate appears to be sealed because it is virtually surrounded by Israeli settlements.
The barrier will make a large dip into the West Bank to keep the settlements, including Har Gilo and the Gush Etzion bloc, on the “Israeli” side. Within that pocket, an extra loop of barrier is to surround Walajeh on three sides, with a fenced settler road to Har Gilo closing off the fourth side, according to the Defense Ministry map of the projected route.
Moreover, the loop runs tightly around Walajeh’s built-up area, penning it within less than a square mile and isolating it from almost all its farmlands. Of 36 Palestinian villages that are or will be caught in the “seam zone,” none is as closely encircled as Walajeh, said Ray Dolphin, a U.N. barrier analyst in Jerusalem.View Entire Story
By Douglas Holtz-Eakin
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