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Israeli Defense Ministry spokesman Shlomo Dror said Friday that he could not comment on the details of construction around Walajeh, but noted that the route withstood a challenge in an Israeli court four years ago.

The Israeli military would not comment on how villagers are to get in and out of their enclave. Israel has suggested an access road with a checkpoint, Mr. Atrash said, as well as gates so farmers could reach their lands. Residents are skeptical, considering the difficulties farmers elsewhere have had.

In recent weeks, bulldozers began leveling land and uprooting trees near Walajeh in the run-up to construction.

Ahmed Barghouti, 63, who lives close to the fence’s path, said he lost 88 olive trees last month and now fears for a nearby family burial plot. The village’s attorney, Ghiath Nasser, says he won a temporary order to stop work on that section until Israel’s Supreme Court decides what should be done with the graves of Mr. Barghouti’s parents and grandmother.

The house of a neighbor, Omar Hajajla, lies just outside Walajeh’s barrier loop. Mr. Hajajla said Israeli officials last week informed him that his home would be surrounded by its own electric fence.

“This is like putting my entire family in jail,” the father of three boys said. “My children need to cross four gates to go to school. We don’t know how it will work out, but I’m sure it will be hell for my entire family.”

The barrier is just the latest blow for Walajeh, which has lost most of its land to Israel in decades of conflict.

Israeli forces took control of the village in the 1948 Mideast War, and residents fled. Some resettled on parts of its lands that ended up in the Jordanian-controlled West Bank.

After 1967, Israel expanded East Jerusalem’s boundaries and absorbed half of Walajeh. But residents were still classified as West Bankers, not Jerusalemites, limiting their rights and freedom of movement.

Since then, Walajeh has lost more acres to expanding settlements and roads, said Matteo Benatti, a U.N. official. From its pre-1948 size of 4,400 acres, Walajeh now has about 1,100 acres, nearly half of which will be cut off by the barrier if built as projected, he said.

Plans have been floated to build more homes for Israeli settlers in the area. In November, Israel’s government gave preliminary approval to expand the nearby East Jerusalem’s Gilo settlement. Private developers propose building apartments for Israelis on the lands surrounding Walajeh and have been lobbying to include the village on the Israeli side of the barrier, so far to no avail. Mr. Dror, the Defense Ministry spokesman, said he did not think the developers would get their plan approved.

Also, more than two dozen houses in Walajeh have been demolished over the years and 41 out of about 200 remaining homes face Israeli demolition orders on grounds that they were built without permits, said Meir Margalit, a Jerusalem City Council member. Mr. Margalit, who supports the village, said permits are impossible to obtain.

Walajeh faces an uphill battle for survival, said Mr. Margalit. “In any scenario, my feeling is that Walajeh will disappear.”