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She also added that “all schools follow the same curricula,” according to the longtime “fundamental principle in Swedish schools” of “comprehensive and objective teaching.”

The new law also has the potential to sharply limit the freedom of confessional schools, which will be required to follow the same curriculum as public schools and make optional all religious activities, including prayer and church services.

Sweden has general elections in September, which may affect how strictly the law is implemented. Despite its name, the Liberal Party is part of a coalition government that leans to the right in the context of Swedish politics.

However, more left-wing groups, such as the Social Democratic and Left parties, may win in September. “If those parties regain power, you can expect to take those powers a lot further,” Mr. Barnekov said.

A more left-leaning government, he said, likely would enforce adherence to the government’s curriculum much more strictly and reduce the extent to which religion could be implemented into the life of the confessional schools.

“The law is potentially very dangerous for them; it remains to be seen how it will be applied,” he said.

Confessional schools represent a range of denominations; many are associated with the official state Church of Sweden, a historically Lutheran body to which three-quarters of Sweden’s population belongs, although only an estimated 1 percent of its members actually attend church. Others represent non-established Lutheran churches, evangelical and nondenominational groups, and the Roman Catholic Church.

The Lantzes said that they have always had a good relationship with the local authorities, who currently grant permission to home-school on a case-by-case basis, though they will have much less leeway and legal grounds to approve home schooling when the law takes effect on July 1.

But not every home-schooling family in Sweden has been so lucky even up to this point. One family who spoke to The Washington Times but asked to remain anonymous said they have been fighting opposition from local authorities for the past five years, and “This year, the hell started.”

Though the school office acknowledges that the two boys are extremely well-educated and well-socialized, the local authorities have been increasingly insistent that they attend public school, citing concern over curriculum and socialization.

When their application to home-school was denied, each parent was fined 10,000 kroner, or about $1,250. Their case is currently in court, and the mother said as hard as home schooling is now, the new law will likely force them to move to a neighboring country where home schooling is easier.

European home-schooling refugees already have won one asylum case in the U.S., claiming that Germany’s effective ban constituted religious persecution.

Jonas Himmelstrand, president of the Swedish home-schooling organization Rohus, said his family is currently fighting in court for the right to home-school their own children. He said that Sweden’s government is not based on a constitution and inalienable rights, but has always been quite socialist.

The Swedish government, he said, fears anything they perceive as “different,” and they particularly fear parents teaching their kids something different than public schools.

“There’s not even a tradition of traditional human rights. There is a tradition of the state having rights,” said Mr. Himmelstrand.

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