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She said her boss tried to skim $100 million off the bill’s cost from long-term information-technology programs and the construction at the old St. Elizabeths hospital site in Washington of a headquarters for the Department of Homeland Security, but that effort was defeated.

The homeland security bill must still pass the House and be squared with an eventual Senate version, where more earmarks are expected to be added.

Mr. Ellis, the earmark watchdog, said all eyes will be on Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, Hawaii Democrat and the Senate spending committee chairman, to see if he allows a dramatic increase in earmarks to make up for the drop in House Republicans’ earmarks.

House subcommittees are scheduled to tackle five more bills this week, even though the chamber has yet to pass a budget setting overall spending limits.

This weekend, President Obama said he will insist Congress not go beyond the overall level of spending he proposed in his February budget, which called for a freeze on non-security discretionary spending.

“I’ve sent a clear signal to the leadership when we met, even if we do not get the entire budget package passed through Congress, that top-line number needs to stay firm. And I’m serious about it,” he said.

Mr. Obama has also called for better controls on earmarks, and some of the projects Democrats did include in their bill put them on a collision course with the president.

In his budget, submitted in February, Mr. Obama told Congress to stop earmarking money from the Emergency Operations Center Grant Program, but House Democrats earmarked $24 million in specific grants under that fund.

Republican Mr. Cao had requested $10 million for the emergency operations center, but the bill directs just $800,000 to the project.

Twenty-two other lawmakers also won $800,000 grants - the maximum given under the emergency operations fund - and 12 lawmakers won smaller grants.