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Davidson, a staff photographer at the Times since 2007, spent two years attending funerals and visiting victims in their hospital beds to document the ways in which victims of violence and their families coped with the experience.

Davidson, formerly of the Dallas Morning News, won the 2006 Pulitzer Prize for breaking news photography with seven colleagues from that paper for photos of the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

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FICTION: “A Visit From the Goon Squad,” by Jennifer Egan (Alfred A. Knopf).

A native of Chicago with novels including “The Invisible Circus,” “Look at Me” and “The Keep,” the 48-year-old Egan has been highly praised for her searching and unconventional narratives about modern angst and identity.

Critics were especially taken with “A Visit From the Goon Squad,” with its leaps across time and its experiments with format, notably a long section structured like a PowerPoint presentation. Earlier this year, she won the National Book Critics Circle prize and was a runner-up for the PEN/Faulkner award.

The book was partly inspired by Proust’s “Remembrance of Things Past” and deals largely with time and the constant onslaught of change, specifically with characters from across the music industry as it moves from analog to digital.

“The book is so much about how change is unexpected and always kind of shocking,” Egan said. “So there’s no question that winning a prize like this feels unpredictable and unfathomable.”

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DRAMA: “Clybourne Park,” by Bruce Norris.

Norris’ work imagines what might have happened to the family that moved out of the house in the fictitious Chicago neighborhood of Clybourne Park, which is where Lorraine Hansberry’s Younger clan is headed by the end of her 1959 play “A Raisin in the Sun.”

Norris’ play was cited as “a powerful work whose memorable characters speak in witty and perceptive ways to America’s sometimes toxic struggle with race and class consciousness.”

Norris, a longtime collaborator with the Steppenwolf Theatre Company in Chicago, said he was “deeply honored and totally flabbergasted” by the award.

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HISTORY: “The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery,” by Eric Foner (W.W. Norton & Co.).

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