- Associated Press - Wednesday, April 6, 2011

RIYADH, Saudi Arabia | Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates tried to smooth the worst rift in years with Arab ally and oil producer Saudi Arabia on Wednesday, reassuring the Saudi king that the U.S. remains a steady friend despite support for pro-democracy revolutions in the Middle East.

The Saudi king, looking thin after months of medical treatment in the United States and elsewhere, welcomed Mr. Gates for what the Pentagon chief later said was a cordial and warm visit.

The hospitality masked deep unease among Saudi Arabia’s aged leadership about what the political upheaval in the Middle East means for its hold on power, its role as the chief counterweight to a rising Iran and its changed relationship with the United States.

In a sign of the depth of the Obama administration’s concern about the political earthquake that has shaken the region, including the island of Bahrain off Saudi Arabia’s Persian Gulf coast, this was Mr. Gates‘ third trip to the area in the past month.


He has echoed Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton’s cautioning of authoritarian Arab governments on the risks of moving too slowly in response to peaceful protests for political freedom.

Saudi Arabia views the threat of a nuclear strike from Iran as a far larger issue than the drive for political freedoms in Egypt and elsewhere.

Although Mr. Gates said he and Saudi King Abdullah did not discuss the decision to send Saudi troops into Bahrain last month, the contest for influence in that majority-Shiite country was an important subtext to Mr. Gates‘ visit. The U.S. is selling Saudi Arabia military hardware to upgrade the kingdom’s defenses against Iranian missiles.

“We already have evidence that the Iranians are trying to exploit the situation in Bahrain, and we also have evidence that they are talking about what they can do to create problems elsewhere,” Mr. Gates said after the meeting.

The unrest in Bahrain, which erupted in February, has played out against the region’s deep rivalries between Shiite and Sunni Muslims. Protesters from Bahrain’s Shiite majority have demanded that the kingdom’s Sunni minority rulers grant them equal rights and a political voice.

Saudi Arabia, a largely Sunni nation, has rushed to the aid of Bahrain, while other Gulf countries have accused predominantly Shiite Iran of meddling in Bahrain’s affairs by trying to stir Shiite unrest there.

U.S. relations with the Saudi ruling family have been strained for months, dating to the uprising in Egypt and President Obama’s call for longtime U.S. ally Hosni Mubarak to give up his presidency.

Saudi leaders saw this as the U.S. abandoning a reliable friend with close military and diplomatic ties stretching over decades - not unlike the U.S.-Saudi alliance, which has the added dimension of American dependence on Saudi oil.

Mr. Gates has acknowledged tensions in the relationship with the Saudis but insists it remains a strong partnership.

“It’s a great exaggeration to say this relationship’s ruptured,” Mr. Gates said last month on NBC’s “Meet the Press.” “We have a very strong military-to-military relationship. As you know, the Saudis just made one of the largest purchases of American weapons in their history.”

Mr. Gates was referring to a $60 billion deal announced last fall to sell the Saudis 84 new F-15 fighter jets and 190 helicopters, as well as upgrade 70 of their existing F-15s.

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