President Obama and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki met at the White House on Monday to mark the end of the war in Iraq and reaffirm their commitment to work together to help the country maintain security and establish economic stability in the years ahead.
“After nearly nine years, our war in Iraq ends this month,” Mr. Obama told reporters at a briefing after the summit. “We’re here to mark the end of this war and to turn the page and begin a new chapter between the history of these two countries.”
The two leaders appeared at a joint news conference after a meeting devoted to forging a new relationship following the tumultuous nine-year American-led military mission that toppled dictator Saddam Hussein.
At its 2007 peak, 170,000 troops were in Iraq. By Dec. 31, the remaining 6,000 are expected to depart.
Iraq has made significant strides but still faces great challenges on the security front, Mr. Obama said. Iraqi forces have been in the lead for the past three years and, for the first time, the country is in the position to lead the next Arab summit. Even so, bombings and attacks by radical Islamist insurgents remain a fact of life for Baghdad and other cities.
Mr. Obama has called for Syrian leader Bashir Assad to step down and has supported tough sanctions on Syria to try to end the bloody crackdown on anti-government protesters that has left more than 4,000 dead.
Mr. al-Maliki, speaking through an interpreter, said he backed the democratic “aspirations of the Syrian people,” but noted that he didn’t have the right to ask [Assad] to abdicate” and did not favor the sanctions because they hurt the Syrian people as well as Mr. Assad’s regime.
The U.S. also promised to supply Iraq with additional F-16 fighter jets and help rebuild its air force so it can protect its borders.
Having called President George W. Bush’s original decision to invade a “dumb war” in the run-up to the 2003 conflict, Mr. Obama Monday said history would judge the wisdom and the effects of the war but Iraq now has “enormous potential” to become a model for others in the region aspiring to establish democracies.