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Absentee balloting is a major source of worry.

“Coercion and chicanery are made much easier by the excessive use of absentee ballots,” wrote John Fund, author of “Stealing Elections: How Voter Fraud Threatens Our Democracy” (Encounter Books, 2004), in an April article in the Wall Street Journal. “Most of the elections thrown out by courts - Miami, Florida’s, mayoral election in 1998, the East Chicago, Indiana’s mayor’s race in 2005 - involved fraudulent absentee votes. Three decades ago, absentee and early ballots were only 5 percent of all votes cast nationwide. In 2008, they exceeded 25 percent.”

Wisconsin Democrats this year tried unsuccessfully to ram through an election law that would have given “community organizers” (read: ACORN and its successors) access to the driver’s-license database, would have made absentee ballot requests permanent, and had ballots mailed out automatically in future elections. This is a perfect recipe for voter fraud.

In Milwaukee, a police inquiry found that about 5,000 more votes were counted in the city in 2004 than the number of recorded votes cast. Keep this in mind as Wisconsin public-employee unions collect signatures to recall reformist Republican Gov. Scott Walker. They need 540,000 by Jan. 17. If they succeed, imagine what the recall election next summer would look like had they managed to get the “Voter Fraud Enablement Act” passed.

Meanwhile, the American Civil Liberties Union, which has sued several states over photo ID laws, sued Wisconsin on Tuesday.

Thirty-one states have adopted photo ID laws, from Alabama to liberal Rhode Island. All but 13 states in 2011 had voting legislation introduced, with five - Florida, Georgia, Ohio, Tennessee and West Virginia - reducing early voting, and seven - Alabama, Kansas, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Wisconsin - enacting photo ID laws. In five more states - Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire and North Carolina, Democratic governors vetoed photo ID bills that passed.

With legislators tightening the process, Democrats are stepping up the pressure on the Obama administration to intervene. As Politico reports, “Holder’s speech followed a private meeting he held recently where civil rights leaders expressed a growing impatience with the Justice Department’s failure to act against the new laws.”

It would help their case if states were acting illegally, but they aren’t. Apart from minimal requirements, Article I, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution leaves voting procedures largely to the states. The Voting Rights Act requires stricter scrutiny of some states, but the case for voter suppression has yet to be made.

During his remarks in Texas, Mr. Holder said, “We need election systems that are free from fraud, discrimination and partisan influence.” He urged the audience to “speak out. Raise awareness about what’s at stake.”

Amen to that.

Robert Knight is senior fellow for the American Civil Rights Union and a columnist for The Washington Times.