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“I think it’s wrong-headed, misguided, unconstitutional, and I don’t think it will have any chance of passing out of this legislature, much less than being heard,” said John Wentling, a lobbyist for gun rights group called Arizona Citizens Defense League.

A second piece of legislation would require educational institutions and public agencies to notify health authorities about terminations, expulsions and suspensions resulting from violence or threatening behavior. That bill has bipartisan support.

Mr. Loughner was booted out of Pima Community College because of behavior that campus police considered disturbing. He was told to get a mental health evaluation or not return.

Some lawmakers say they’re comporting themselves with new restraint and respect amid increased bipartisanship.

“Things have changed,” said state House Speaker Kirk Adams, Mesa Republican, who, on the Jan. 10 opening day of the legislative session, said he prayed that the Legislature and society would be more attuned to respect and values.

“The relationships on an individual basis between the majority and the minority are better,” Mr. Adams said. “We’re communicating a lot. We’re cooperating on everything that it’s possible to cooperate on.”