Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa is reportedly on a personal visit to the U.S., prompting calls from an international human rights group that he be investigated for his alleged role in torture and war crimes.
Mr. Rajapaksa is commander in chief of Sri Lanka’s armed forces, which along with the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), face allegations of war crimes during the decades-long conflict on the South Asian island.
Under international law, military commanders may face criminal charges if they knew, or should have known, of such crimes being committed by their subordinates, according to Amnesty International.
“The United States has an obligation under international law to investigate and prosecute people who perpetrated war crimes and grave human rights violations such as extrajudicial executions, torture and enforced disappearances,” said Sam Zarifi, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific director.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has convened a panel of experts to advise him on accountability issues during the war in Sri Lanka.
The LTTE, which resorted to suicide bombers and child soldiers, has been listed as a foreign terrorist organization by the State Department.
Sri Lankan forces, he said, were under strict orders to carry out a “zero civilian casualties” campaign.
A number of government soldiers died and were injured trying to clear a path of escape for the civilians, Mr. Hedges said. It was LTTE practice to shoot civilians who tried to escape and the LTTE did shoot some civilians as they fled to the government troops, he added.
Tamil protesters disrupted Mr. Rajapaksa’s visit to Britain late last year.
The Oxford Union said it was forced to cancel a scheduled talk by the Sri Lankan leader in December “due to the sheer scale of the expected protests.”
The war against the Tamil separatists wrapped up in May 2009 soon after LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran was killed by the army.
The last few months of fighting were some of the bloodiest. According to some estimates, as many as 40,000 civilians were killed.