NAALIN CROSSING, West Bank — Israel on Sunday began tearing down a section of its contentious West Bank barrier near a village that has come to symbolize Palestinian opposition to the separating enclosure, the military said.
The rerouting marked a major victory for the residents of Bilin and the international groups that have backed their struggle. But they said it fell short of their demands to remove the structure from the village altogether and vowed to continue with their weekly protests.
The dismantling of the section near the village of Bilin comes four years after Israel’s Supreme Court ordered it torn down, rejecting the military’s argument that the route was necessary to secure the nearby Modiin Illit settlement.
Col. Saar Tsur, the regional brigade commander, said the military has begun taking apart a two mile-stretch of the barrier and has replaced it with a 1.6 mile-long wall adjacent to the settlement. He said the new route would give the military less response time in case of a potential infiltration.
“This is a new threat, but we can handle it,” he said, adding that the work would be done by the end of the week.
Bilin lost half its land to the barrier, and years of weekly protests there frequently have evolved into clashes between activists and Israeli troops.
Israel began building the barrier in late 2002 to keep out Palestinian attackers amid a wave of suicide bombers targeting its cities. It insists the structure is needed to keep militants from reaching Israeli population centers.
But the barrier juts into the West Bank, and critics say the route is designed to grab land that Palestinians want for a state. The barrier, when completed, is projected to swallow some 6 to 8 percent of the West Bank.
Col. Tsur said the new route will put approximately 140 acres back in Palestinian hands. The total cost of the project is $9 million.
The protests have become a ritual of sorts each Friday, making the once out-of-the-way farming village a fashionable cause among activists.
Nobel Peace Prize laureates Jimmy Carter and Desmond Tutu are among the notables who have participated.
Naalin started similar marches three years ago.
The Bilin protests, attended by villagers as well as Israeli and international activists, usually involve a mix of marching, chanting and throwing rocks at Israeli troops. Two Palestinians, and five in the nearby village of Naalin, have died and hundreds others have been wounded since the protests began in 2005.
Indeed, Bilin activists said the move would not influence their opposition.
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