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The report from Amnesty International said that Uganda's government and public officials are placing illegitimate restrictions on freedom of expression.

Amnesty said that journalists, opposition politicians and activists face arbitrary arrest, intimidation and politically motivated criminal charges.

Ugandan opposition supporters have launched a wave of “walk to work” demonstrations this year to protest high prices and government corruption. Many of the demonstrations have turned violent.

The most recent protest, on Monday, resulted in the arrest of opposition leader Kizza Besigye.

In demonstrations in April and May, police opened fire on protesters, killing nine people.

“The government’s position … has been to effectively outlaw all forms of public demonstrations, rallies or assemblies in the wake of the 2011 general elections and especially those which criticize the electoral process, current government policies and the conduct of public officials,” Amnesty said.

Amnesty said that journalists were physically assaulted before, during and after Uganda’s February elections by police, political aides or political supporters. Police often failed to investigate such complaints, the group said.

Mr. Besigye ran against Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni in those elections but lost for a third straight election to the 25-year leader. Mr. Besigye has said he suspects the results were falsified.

Tamale Mirundi, a spokesman for Mr. Museveni, said groups like Amnesty International “exaggerate about human rights abuse in Uganda and Africa at large so they get funds from donors.”

KENYA

Kenya to probe deaths of civilians in Somalia

NAIROBI — Kenya’s prime minister said Tuesday that the government will carry out investigations if there have been any civilian deaths stemming from Kenya’s military incursion into Somalia, even as the international Red Cross lent weight to the view that civilians were harmed.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said Tuesday that it resumed distribution of food aid to more than 6,000 people at a camp in southern Somalia a day after the aid group Doctors Without Borders said five people were killed and more than 50 wounded in airstrikes there.

The ICRC said it suspended operations after an air raid on Sunday.

Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga said that any civilian loss of life in Kenya’s pursuit of al Qaeda-linked Somali insurgents would be regrettable and that investigations would be carried out if civilians were killed.

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