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Mr. Coyne died unexpectedly on Sunday in Scranton, Pa., where he had gone to attend his 65th high school reunion.

A former reporter for The Associated Press, Mr. Coyne retired from the Fed in 1998 after a career that spanned four Fed chairmen - Arthur Burns, G. William Miller, Paul Volcker and Alan Greenspan.

During his time as director of public affairs, the central bank evolved from a highly secretive institution to one more willing to explain its decisions on interest rates to the public. That process has continued under current Chairman Ben S. Bernanke.

The Fed came under heavy criticism in the late 1970s and early 1980s when Mr. Volcker was pushing interest rates to levels not seen since the Civil War to deal with high inflation triggered by the oil shocks of the 1970s.

Mr. Coyne, writing about those times, remembered that he had to deal with angry consumer groups, home builders mailing hundreds of two-by-four pieces of lumber from unbuilt homes to the Fed and car dealers sending in keys from unsold cars.

To deal with the protests, Mr. Coyne set up meetings for Mr. Volcker and other Fed officials to explain the central bank’s programs which, Mr. Coyne wrote, “broke the back of inflation and laid the groundwork” for a sustained period of economic growth.

ARIZONA

Giffords returns to Texas after visit to home state

TUCSON — Rep. Gabrielle Giffords has returned to Houston following a brief weekend visit to Arizona.

She arrived in Tucson Friday evening with her husband, retired astronaut and Navy Capt. Mark Kelly. Her spokesman, Mark Kimble, confirmed to The Associated Press Monday afternoon.

Mr. Kimble called the weekend trip very uneventful for Ms. Giffords as she continues to recover from a head wound suffered Jan. 8 when a gunman opened fire outside a Tucson-area grocery store while meeting constituents.

It was her second trip to Arizona since being discharged from a Houston rehab hospital in June.

CONGRESS

Lawmakers return amid sour mood over economy

Congress is reconvening this week for what could be a painful confrontation over how to put Americans back to work.

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