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“By selecting Paul Ryan as a running mate, Mitt Romney made a bolder move than many would have predicted. The upsides are clear: Ryan is young, charismatic and can charm the base,” said Jennifer L. Lawless, director of the American University’s Women and Politics Institute.

“But the downsides are pretty obvious, too: Ryan lacks foreign policy experience, has proposed and stood by a budget and entitlement reform that would likely leave even more vulnerable older citizens, as well as those who are already struggling to make ends meet, and has been a leader in a Congress whose first priority is to stifle President Obama, not move the country forward with bipartisan compromise,” she said.

Paul Ryan does nothing to appeal to disenchanted Obama supporters, little to bring independents to the Republican side, and will not help at all as far as closing the gender gap is concerned,” she said.

Like Mr. Romney, Mr. Ryan is a devoted family man, which will sit well with social and religious conservatives in the GOP electoral coalition, a GOP campaign consultant said.

Mr. Romney chose to make the Ryan announcement in Virginia, one of the three must-win swing states for the former Massachusetts governor if he is to succeed in replacing President Obama to the White House.

Virgina is “slipping away from us,” a GOP campaign consultant said privately. “This was the right place to make the announcement.”

Just how important the vice presidential pick is to winning an election is historically questionable.

One of the rare examples of impact was when Texas Democratic Sen. Lyndon Johnson helped Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy with the Southern vote in the 1960 presidential election.

Romney’s choice of Paul Ryan tells us a lot about his confidence. People vote for the top of the ticket in presidential contests. It’s important not to do any harm with a VP pick. Romney hasn’t hurt his chances, and Paul Ryan may have helped at the margins,” noted Karlyn Bowman, American Enterprise Institute public opinion expert.

Heritage Foundation resident scholar and former Oklahoma Rep. Ernest Istook said that while “some will equate Ryan with picking Sarah Palin as an example of boldness, appealing to the base, telegenics and so on, Ryan brings a greater level of depth, knowledge and even political craftiness than Palin.”

“As budget chairman, he has been exposed to plenty of tricks and games and knows how to deal with them,” Mr. Istook said.

Evangelicals greeted the Ryan announcement with enthusiasm.

Rich Bott, national Religious Broadcasters Board chairman, called Mr. Ryan a “great” choice because he knows “our rights come from God, not government.”

The overall reaction on the GOP side was that the Ryan choice turned the Republican ticket into a “dream team,” because of Mr. Romney;s successful business experience combined now with Mr. Ryan’s savvy economic and legislative experience.

But former Iowa GOP chairman Kayne Robinson warned that even though Mr. Ryan will further strengthen the image of the GOP ticket as that economic dream team, “If Romney and Ryan are aggressive and take the initiative, they can win, but if they explain their economic solutions in extreme detail down in the weeds, they will be stuck in Obama diversion canal, and people will zone out.”

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