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Capitol Hill resident Alan Mertz, 66, said he has seen police throw resources such as extra lighting and patrols at areas like the Potomac Avenue Metro station in the past when it became crime hot spot, but he said over time the resources are shifted elsewhere and the problems resurface.

“We do not have any police patrols there on a regular basis. It’s not a continual presence,” he said, noting a friend was robbed at gunpoint there last week.

When new residents are looking at homes in the neighborhood, crime is their No. 1 concern, said Mr. Mertz, a real estate agen.

“The question all young people ask when people move in is ‘How is the crime?’ I have to be honest,” he said.