Continued from page 1

Biological differences have been noted between heterosexuals and homosexuals, but efforts to find biological causative factors, such as genes or hormones, have been unsuccessful. Other explanations, such as parental upbringing or childhood abuse, have also proved inconclusive.

Gay advocates say that, regardless of the cause, being gay, lesbian or bisexual is inborn, natural and cannot be changed; thus, “ex-gay” ministries are specious and individuals claiming to have switched from homosexual to heterosexual are not to be believed.

However, NARTH, PFOX and like-minded groups say there are many “former homosexuals,” and unwanted same-sex attractions can be modified or overcome in some circumstances.