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A form from SS administrative authorities, filled out on Jan. 17, 1945, in Pressburg, which today is Bratislava, Slovakia, indicates that the previous day Mr. Breyer was there in person and applied for — and was granted — financial assistance for his parents’ farm while he was away serving in the SS.

And it notes that Mr. Breyer at the time of the application was based at “Auschwitz 2.”

In a 2002 case in the United States, the judge questioned the trustworthiness of the document — noting among other things that the birth dates of both of Mr. Breyer’s parents were wrong, and the size of his family farm was written down as double what it actually was.

In his testimony, Mr. Breyer suggested the document was “a fraud.”

But a court expert testified there was no evidence of a forgery. And U.S. federal prosecutors noted that Mr. Breyer’s date of birth, date of induction into the SS, profession, parents’ names and hometown are all correct. They also cited Mr. Breyer’s first interrogation in 1991, when he told investigators he had gone home after “they granted me vacation end January ‘45” — which fits with the timeline of the document.

The Totenkopf connection

In the current German case, Thomas Walther, a former prosecutor in Mr. Schrimm’s office, said it is also plausible to think that Mr. Breyer would have made his parents seem older, and his farm larger, in order to bolster the case for receiving assistance.

If nothing else, he said, the document and other evidence raise enough suspicion for prosecutors to file charges.

“Where this evidence fits has to be decided at trial, regardless of what the U.S. judge said the German court needs to decide,” said Mr. Walther, who is now in private practice and represents several family members of Jewish victims at Auschwitz who have joined the investigation as co-plaintiffs, as allowed under German law.

Weiden prosecutor Gerhard Heindl, who is heading the current investigation, said he could not comment on any evidence.

Another document, an April 26, 1944 letter to the SS administration in Pressburg from the leader of the pro-Nazi Slovakian “Deutsche Partei,” makes a case to have Mr. Breyer excused from his duties to help on his family’s farm, noting that he was assigned at the time to the 8th Company of the SS Totenkopf in Auschwitz.

The 8th Company was stationed at Auschwitz II during the time Mr. Breyer is alleged to have been there, according to camp orders cited by Raul Hilberg in his book “The Destruction of the European Jews.”

A U.S. Army intelligence file on Mr. Breyer, obtained by the AP, from a 1951 immigration background check also lists him as being with the SS Totenkopf in Auschwitz as late as Dec. 29, 1944 — four months after he said he deserted.

The Army Investigative Records Repository file was obtained by the AP from the National Archives through a Freedom of Information Act request.

“Clearly, we can’t say what the result will be at the end of a long presentation of evidence to a court — that’s not our job,” Mr. Walther said. “But our contention is, with this evidence, the state prosecutors must file charges.”