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Question of the Day
PIERRE, S.D. (AP) — Bill Janklow, a flamboyant politician who left a lasting mark on South Dakota politics by serving four terms as governor but resigned as the state’s congressman after causing a fatal traffic accident, died Thursday. He was 72.
Mr. Janklow died shortly before 11 a.m. Thursday of brain cancer after being moved to hospice care in Sioux Falls earlier in the week, his son Russ Janklow said. Bill Janklow had announced in November that he had inoperable cancer.
Mr. Janklow, a Republican, dominated South Dakota government for more than a quarter century, inspiring both fierce support and criticism. Even his political opponents admitted he got things done, though they decried his combative nature.
He was credited with saving rail service in the state, attracting credit card banks and leading the nation in connecting classrooms to the Internet.
“I’m an action-oriented person,” Mr. Janklow once said. “I’m just more hyper than most people.”
William J. Janklow was born on Sept. 13, 1939, in Chicago. After the death of his father, who helped prosecute Nazis for war crimes, his mother moved the family to her hometown of Flandreau, S.D.
Mr. Janklow got into trouble in high school — a time he said he was “raising a lot of hell” — so he left to join the U.S. Marines.
He talked his way into the University of South Dakota, even though he had not graduated from high school, and he received a law degree from the school in 1966.
Mr. Janklow represented poor clients on the Rosebud Sioux Indian Reservation in 1966-73, and the state hired him to prosecute members of the American Indian Movement for a riot at the Custer County Courthouse.
He was elected South Dakota attorney general in 1974 and governor in 1978, serving two four-year terms. He won re-election in 1982 by the widest margin in any gubernatorial race in state history, taking nearly 71 percent of the vote. He was elected governor again in 1994 and 1998, and he won election in 2002 as South Dakota’s lone member of the U.S. House.
Mr. Janklow said he was always ready to fight for South Dakota and anything else he believed in.
He said he had a sign on the wall of the governor’s office that said, “Dear God, please grant me patience — and I want it right now.”
His critics labeled his style as governor dictatorial, but supporters pointed to his results.
During his first two terms as governor, from 1979 to 1986, Mr. Janklow engineered South Dakota’s purchase of a rail line to save rail service in the state, got state interest-rate laws changed to lure Citibank and other credit-card banks, and persuaded the Legislature to convert the University of South Dakota’s Springfield campus into a prison.
He also negotiated a deal to sell Missouri River water to a company that wanted to build a slurry pipeline to ship Wyoming coal to Southern states. The project failed, but South Dakota got $5 million out of the deal.
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