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Muslim Brotherhood walks fine line

Ascendance to power requires mix of pragmatism with ideology on Israel

- Associated Press - Tuesday, January 24, 2012

CAIRO The Muslim Brotherhood is trying to maneuver its way between its fierce anti-Israel ideology and the realities of governing as it ascends to leadership in Egypt for the first time in its history and faces the key question of how to deal with the country's peace treaty with the Jewish state.

The fundamentalist group's stance on the accord - opposition but not renunciation - is a telling sign of its broader style of politics.

It can play down its hard-line doctrine in favor of short-term pragmatism as it looks to the long term, leaving its options open and engaging in a degree of double-talk to pave the way.

The stance also could reflect the group's evolution. As a political party whose members will be involved in governing, it has to gradually distinguish itself from the hard line of the Brotherhood, an 83-year-old organization whose leadership worked for decades in a hivelike secrecy because of state repression.

"The Brotherhood is in a real challenge and real crisis. For the first time, they are in power, which forces them to be rational when it comes to foreign policy because any miscalculations might blow their gains," said Khalil al-Anani, an Egyptian analyst on Islamic movements.

Brotherhood officials have assured the United States that they will abide by the 32-year-old Camp David accords, a major concern for Americans, who consider the deal a cornerstone of stability in the region.

Revoking the treaty, Israel's top concern, seems firmly off the table because it would put the Brotherhood into what it sees as an unnecessary conflict with the West.

Instead, Brotherhood leaders say they want to renegotiate some provisions, particularly restrictions on the troops Egypt can station in the Sinai Peninsula.

At the same time, they denounce the accord as "unfair" to Egypt and have floated the idea of putting it to a referendum.

That may be an attempt to play to the group's anti-Israeli base, but a referendum would open up the explosive possibility of the Egyptian public rejecting the deal.

Brotherhood leaders also say that their group will not recognize Israel and that its members will not meet with Israeli counterparts.

"Nobody can force me" to sit with Israelis, a top Brotherhood figure, Mahmoud Ezzat, told the Associated Press in an interview.

He said the Brotherhood would follow the Palestinian militant group Hamas in its attitude on the peace process - no direct participation. "Just like Hamas' way in dealing with Israel, it is elected by the people, it negotiates through mediators."

"I have the right to act in a way that is consistent with my position without harming the other party," Mr. Ezzat said.

In the short term, analysts say, the Brotherhood would stay away from ministerial portfolios that involve direct contact with Israel, such as the Foreign Ministry, and rely on an elected president to deal with Israel in the Middle East peace process.

The Brotherhood's top priority is believed to be to solidify its political domination within Egypt. A confrontation with Israel and the United States over the peace deal could endanger that.

Banned for decades, the Brotherhood is the strongest party in the first parliament since the Feb. 11 fall of Hosni Mubarak, after winning nearly 50 percent of the vote in recent elections.

But the group is deeply entrenched in its anti-Israeli ideology and can't be seen by its supporters to be throwing that away.

Like the general Egyptian public, Brotherhood cadres were taught since childhood in the group's "educational curriculum" that its elders carried arms and fought Israel in 1948 to liberate the Palestinian land.

The Brotherhood opposed the peace deal with Israel in 1979, and President Anwar Sadat jailed some of its members in retaliation.

"If party leaders were spotted making contacts with Israel, it will cause upheaval inside the group," said Tharwat Kherbawi, a former Brother. "The Brotherhood fears its base, raised and fed on hatred of Israel. They have been told for decades that any deal with Israel is corrupt."

In 2007, Essam el-Arian, now deputy head of the Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice political party, raised an uproar within the group when he told a newspaper the Brotherhood, if it came to power, was ready to recognize Israel and respect peace deals.

In the face of the furor, he said that while the group doesn't recognize Israel, it must act with "political realism" on Israel once in government.

Last month, officials from the Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party met with several top U.S. officials, including Sen. John F. Kerry, Massachusetts Democrat and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

The group's website showed rare pictures of the meeting, with party member Saad el-Katatni - who was tapped to be parliament speaker - shaking hands with Mr. Kerry, who patted his shoulder warmly.

Party leader Mohammed Morsi told Mr. Kerry that Egypt "respects the conventions and treaties that were signed," according to a statement by the group.

In Washington, the State Department said the Obama administration has received assurances that the Brotherhood respects the accords.

The central leadership of the Brotherhood mother organization quickly distanced itself. The group's deputy leader, Rashid Bayoumi, denied that any assurances were given and vowed that Brotherhood members would not sit down with Israel.

"We don't recognize Israel at all. This is an enemy, an occupier, a rapist and a criminal," he said.

Two weeks later, the group gave a warmer welcome to Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh during his first visit outside the Gaza Strip since the militant group overran the territory in 2007. He was received at the Brotherhood's main headquarters by a line of young men and veiled women waving green Hamas flags.

The visit suggested that the Brotherhood would seek to strengthen ties with Hamas, which the Mubarak government generally shunned, even helping Israel in the post-2007 blockade of Gaza.

Mr. Haniyeh emphasized the historic link between the groups. Hamas is an offshoot of the Brotherhood, though the Brotherhood disavowed violence in the 1970s.

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