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Margin of victory: 4 shots

Winner’s share: 50 pounds

Recap: Ted Ray was a distant fourth behind the Great Triumvirate of Harry Vardon, James Braid and J.H. Taylor. The Open was held at Muirfield for the fifth time, with Braid (twice) and Vardon winning the last three at the Midlothian links. Ray captured the first of his two majors with a wire-to-wire victory, opening with rounds of 71-73 to build a three-shot lead over Vardon. He stretched his lead to five shots over Braid after 54 holes, and then withstood a closing 71 by Vardon to win by four shots. A year later, Ray again had the 36-hole lead, only to get run over by Taylor and finish eight shots behind. Ray’s only other major came in 1920 at the U.S. Open.

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1937 (75 years ago)

Winner: Henry Cotton

Course: Carnoustie

Score: 290

Runner-up: Reg Whitcombe

Margin of victory: 2 shots

Winner’s share: 100 pounds

Recap: Byron Nelson made his lone trip to golf’s oldest championship, and the reigning Masters champion fell nine shots behind Reg Whitcombe after 36 holes at Carnoustie. The real threat turned out to be Cotton, who in 1934 shattered an Open record with a 65 in the second round _ a record that stood for 43 years. Cotton’s score improved by one shot each day, and a 72 in the third round put him three shots behind Whitcombe. Cotton closed with a 71 as Whitcombe stumbled to a 76, giving Cotton a two-shot win and his second claret jug. Nelson finished six shots behind in fifth place. The Open was all that kept the gentle Texan from the career Grand Slam.

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1962 (50 years ago)

Winner: Arnold Palmer

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