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A Foreign Ministry statement said the “Brazilian government condemns the summary removal of the Paraguayan president … during which the right to a full defense was not assured.”

It said that the process “compromises a fundamental pillar of democracy, an essential condition for regional integration” and that President Dilma Rousseff was evaluating what actions to take with its Mercosur and Unasur partners. It added that Brazil would do nothing to “harm the people of Paraguay,” suggesting that it may not intend to cut off economic partnerships with its much poorer neighbor.

Argentine President Cristina Kirchner also announced the withdrawal of her ambassador to Paraguay, citing “grave institutional events” and saying the embassy’s No. 2 will remain in charge “until democratic order is re-established in that country.”

Cuba said Saturday it wouldn’t recognize the new government.

Criticism came not just from the left, but from conservative governments, too.

Chile said Mr. Lugo’s removal “did not comply with the minimum standards of due process,” and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said “legal procedures shouldn’t be used to abuse. … What we want is to help stability and democracy be maintained in Paraguay.”

Given the tough talk, Mr. Franco could find mending fences to be a tall order.

“It looks terrible throughout the region,” said analyst Adam Isacson of the Washington Office on Latin America, a think tank. “(Lugo’s ouster) doesn’t look like a deliberative process, and what it looks like is that a president can be removed simply for being unpopular, or making unpopular decisions.”

“The new government is going to be pretty isolated for the whole time that it’s in power,” Mr. Isacson said. “For Paraguay‘s neighbors and trade partners, I think there’s probably not great cost involved in isolating the country for a year or more, and then re-recognizing whatever government is elected next year.”

That would be a scenario similar to what played out in Honduras following the June 2009 ouster of Manuel Zelaya, which was also portrayed by those who took over as a legal, constitutional transition, even as it was denounced elsewhere.

Honduras’ interim president was isolated by many Latin American governments, and his elected successor, Porfirio Lobo, only won the good graces of some in 2011 after Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez brokered a reconciliation deal with Mr. Zelaya.

Mr. Lugo resigned as a Roman Catholic bishop to run for president in 2008 against the wishes of Pope Benedict XVI, who grudgingly accepted the resignation when it became clear Mr. Lugo would not be dissuaded.

On Saturday, the Vatican’s envoy to Paraguay stopped short of recognizing the new government but expressed satisfaction there has been little unrest other than some confrontations between Lugo supporters and police during the Senate trial.

German Ambassador Claude Robert Ellner visited the presidential palace and said his country “will continue as normal with all cooperation agreements with Paraguay. We see the process of change happening within the laws and the constitution, because no parliament makes a coup d’etat.”

The U.S. State Department urged “all Paraguayans to act peacefully, with calm and responsibility, in the spirit of Paraguay‘s democratic principles.”

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