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Brown’s fraud and authorization of multiple unlawful campaign expenses showed “we simply could not allow him to remain in his position, a position in which he yielded tremendous influence over a city budget in the billions of dollars,” Mr. Machen said.

Brown’s felony charge became public on Wednesday and prompted his resignation as chairman after 7 1/2 years of service at city hall. His conviction likely prohibits him from ever again serving as a politician at the John A. Wilson Building, so long as voters approve a measure included in a sweeping ethics bill last year that precludes felons from elected office.

After he addressed reporters outside the federal courthouse on Friday, Brown entered the D.C Superior Court building across the street to stand before Judge Juliet McKenna. In yet another filled courtroom, he admitted that his 2008 re-election campaign had opened a “side account” without disclosing it to the city’s Office of Campaign Finance.

The account was initially funded by a transfer of $60,000 from the campaign’s primary account, and Brown authorized a relative to make cash withdrawals for campaign expenses in excess of $50 — a process that flouts city campaign finance laws.

Brown pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count of making an unlawful cash campaign expenditure.

On the federal charge, prosecutors said Brown misstated his income on a home equity loan to borrow $184,000 by claiming he was the vice president for strategy at a company that did not really exist. He said he earned $3,000 per month and was in line for a $10,000 raise, a statement of offense said.

Prosecutors said he forged a college friend’s name as his “employer.”

By affirming he had “substantially more money than he did,” Brown increased his credit and obtained a loan in October 2005 for $166,000, Assistant U.S. Attorney David Johnson said.

In 2007, Brown sought a $56,000 loan to buy a boat, court papers said.

Prosecutors said Brown changed a tax form he submitted to the bank so it looked as if he earned $85,000 as a consultant for a St. Louis firm, when he actually earned $35,000. He obtained a loan of $55,335 and purchased his boat, “Bullet Proof,” court papers said.

Brown pleaded guilty to only one count of fraud, despite the pair of accusations in court papers. During the 2010 campaign, Brown faced questions about his mounting debts and lawsuits from credit card companies.

Court exhibits in one of the credit-card lawsuits included a Visa application he filed in 2006, in which he reported the value of his home as “850K,” when city tax records show the Hillcrest property isn’t worth half that much.

Asked about whether prosecutors were aware of other cases in which Brown had embellished his income or assets, Mr. Machen said, “Often times there’s a back and forth in discussions about what someone’s going to plead guilty to. We obviously cited two different instances, but other than that we won’t comment.”