Military officials from Beijing increasingly are making high-level visits, pushing initiatives to protect Chinese nationals and companies here, and, in some cases, undermining U.S. arms deals in order to sell their own weapons to this resource-rich Andean nation.
Last month, for example, the Peruvian Defense Ministry canceled a $114 million contract with a consortium that included U.S. defense manufacturer Northrop Grumman after a Chinese company convinced officials the project did not meet technical specifications.
Peruvian officials in February awarded the contract to the TRIAD consortium consisting of Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, the Polish Bumar Group and Northrop Group to provide an air defense system.
Russia’s Rosoboronexport and a consortium of Chinese defense manufacturers also bid for the contract.
TRIAD won, but the state-owned China Precision Machinery Import Export Corp. (CPMIEC) asserted enough pressure to derail the multimillion-dollar deal, according to Defensa.com, a trade magazine that cited unnamed Peruvian officials.
“This contract cancelation shows that the Chinese contractors are becoming more sophisticated players in the Latin America arms market,” said R. Evan Ellis, an assistant professor at National Defense University in Washington. “They are applying tactics such as legal protests against winning bids, long used by sophisticated Western defense contractors in procurement battles over major weapon systems.”
Asked about CPMIEC’s role in derailing the TRIAD contract, Rafael spokesman Rudoy Ravit said it would be “inappropriate to respond or comment at this time.”
A Northrop Grumman spokeswoman referred questions to the Peruvian Defense Ministry. A person answering the phones in the ministry’s press office said that, because of an ongoing change in defense ministers, no press representatives were available to take questions.
Anti-U.S. army leaders
Defense industry experts here say Russia is the largest overall vendor, but CPMIEC is one of several Chinese companies well-known to local defense officials.
In 2009, CPMIEC sold the Peruvian army a batch of portable air defense systems, according to contracts obtained in 2010 by the Peruvian newspaper La Republica.
Two other state-owned Chinese companies — China North Industries Corp., known as Norinco, and Poly Technologies — helped China sell $34 million worth of arms and equipment to Peru, making it the country’s largest vendor that year.
The contracts show that the Peruvian army negotiated the purchase of a batch of MBT 2000 Chinese-made tanks valued at $1.4 billion and meant to replace T55 Soviet-built tanks acquired during Peru’s military dictatorship
But the sale, according to an expert who monitors Chinese defense issues in Latin America, never materialized because a Ukrainian contractor either could not produce needed parts for the tanks or fell under pressure from Russia not to do so.