STOCKHOLM — Chinese writer Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize in literature Thursday, a cause of pride for a government that disowned the only previous Chinese winner of the award, exiled critic Gao Xingjian.
National television broke into its newscast to announce the prize — exceptional for the tightly scripted broadcast that usually focuses on the doings of Chinese leaders.
The Swedish Academy, which selects the winners of the prestigious award, praised Mr. Mo’s “hallucinatory realism,” saying it “merges folk tales, history and the contemporary.”
Peter Englund, the academy’s permanent secretary, said the academy had contacted Mr. Mo, 57, before the announcement.
“He said he was overjoyed and scared,” Mr. Englund said.
Among the works highlighted by the Nobel judges were “Red Sorghum, (1993), “The Garlic Ballads” (1995) and “Big Breasts & Wide Hips (2004).
“He’s written 11 novels and, let’s say, a hundred short stories,” Mr. Englund said. “If you want to start off to get a sense of how he is writing and also get a sense of the moral core in what he is writing, I would recommend ‘The Garlic Ballads.’”
“For me, personally, it’s the realization of a dream I’ve had for years finally coming true, it’s suddenly a reality, but what I mainly want to say is congratulations to Mo Yan,” said Cao Yuanyong, deputy editor-in-chief of Shanghai Literature and Art Publishing House, which has published much of Mr. Mo’s work.
Mr. Cao said he and a dozen colleagues were toasting Mr. Mo with red wine in a Shanghai restaurant Thursday night.
Hu Xijin, editor-in-chief of the state-run nationalistic Global Times tabloid, said on a Chinese version of Twitter that Mr. Mo’s winning is proof that the West has looked beyond Chinese dissidents.
“This prize may prove China, with its growing strength, does not have only dissidents who can be accepted by the West. China’s mainstream cannot be kept out for long,” Mr. Hu wrote on his microblog.
The reception of the award in China contrasted with the reactions when jailed dissident Liu Xiaobo won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010, which infuriated the Chinese leadership.
The communist leadership also disowned the Nobel when Mr. Gao won the literature award in 2000 for his absurdist dramas and inventive fiction. Mr. Gao’s works are laced with criticisms of China’s communist government and have been banned in China.
Born Guan Moye in 1955 to a farming family in eastern Shandong province, Mr. Mo chose his pen name while writing his first novel.
Garrulous by nature, Mr. Mo has said the name, meaning “don’t speak,” was intended to remind him to hold his tongue lest he get himself into trouble and to mask his identity since he began writing while serving in the army.
His breakthrough came with the novel “Red Sorghum,” published in 1987. Set in a small village, like much of his fiction, “Red Sorghum” is an earthy tale of love and peasant struggles set against the backdrop of the anti-Japanese war.
It was turned into a film that won the top prize at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1988, marked the directing debut of Zhang Yimou and boosted Mr. Mo’s popularity.