Continued from page 1

Independence Virginia wasted little time in spending the money, reporting expenditures on Oct. 23 of $1.5 million for broadcast and cable advertising from Oct. 24-30 and $134,322 for direct-mail advertising.

Meanwhile, Majority PAC, a pro-Kaine group, made its own $337,625 media buy on Oct. 23 opposing Mr. Allen.

Democrats currently control the Senate 53-47, a figure that includes two independent senators who caucus with the Democrats. Republicans need to gain a net of four seats to ensure outright control of the chamber.