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Negotiations continued Monday between Lonmin managers, unions and the Department of Labor to resolve workers’ demands for a minimum monthly wage of $1,560.

Lonmin said only 4.5 percent of workers reported for work Monday. The strike that began Aug. 10 is crippling the company, which has said it probably cannot meet debt obligations due at the end of September.

Like the ANC, the politically connected National Union of Mineworkers is accused by rank-and-file workers of cozying up to management. They also claim union leaders are more concerned with business than with workers’ needs and that they lost focus by spearheading Mr. Zuma’s bid for re-election as ANC president next December.