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Mr. Obama is also under pressure on economic and energy issues. The extension of the pipeline from the Canadian border to Texas could create more than 20,000 jobs and supply 1.3 million barrels of crude oil a day to Gulf Coast refineries.

Editors at The Globe and Mail, Canada’s “newspaper of record,” said the United States is threatening Canada’s economy because of U.S. domestic politics.

“But it remains troubling to the point of being galling that the U.S. would implicitly threaten Canada with what would amount to a severe economic sanction if it doesn’t show support for [Mr. Obama’s] agenda,” the newspaper said an editorial Thursday. “Failing to approve the Keystone pipeline would do real damage to Canada’s economy. Why is the White House singling out Canada in so harsh a manner?

“Will it use the same threat of sanction against China, an equally reluctant climate-change player and the world’s single biggest producer of greenhouse gases? China produces nearly 20 times the greenhouse gas emissions that Canada does.”

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