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In 2011, the reading was controversial, and several Democrats and Republicans questioned Mr. Goodlatte’s decision not to read parts of the Constitution they said had been superseded by later amendments — such as the 18th Amendment authorizing Prohibition, or the clause that defined slaves as three-fifths of a person for purposes of apportioning representation in Congress.

But nobody objected Tuesday.

Moments after the reading was completed, a protester stood up in the public gallery and unfurled a homemade sign and began chanting.

“Abortion is the shedding of innocent blood,” the man said, demanding that the country “stop Obama.”

“America, ban assault weapons,” he shouted before police were able to drag him out of the chamber.

• Sean Lengell contributed to this article.