A day after the Supreme Court granted victories to same-sex couples in the U.S., President Obama’s visit to Africa got off to a rough start when his call for tolerance of gays on the continent was rebuffed publicly by the president of Senegal, where homosexuality is a crime.
He said that although Africans have a variety of religions and customs and “we have to respect the diversity of views” of people who personally oppose gay rights, the laws of African nations must grant all people equal protection, regardless of sexual orientation.
“I want the African people just to hear what I believe … when it comes to how the state treats people, how the law treats people, I believe that everybody has to be treated equally,” Mr. Obama said.
“We are still not ready to decriminalize homosexuality,” Mr. Sall said. “I’ve already said it in the past. We’re still not ready to change the law. This does not mean that we are all homophobic.”
Mr. Obama also visited a site where African slaves were shipped to the New World, saying the experience made him more committed to human rights.
“This is a testament to when we’re not vigilant in defense of human rights what can happen,” Mr. Obama told reporters at a museum on Goree Island, a UNESCO world heritage site off the coast of Senegal. “Obviously, for an African-American, an African-American president, to be able to visit this site, I think, gives me even greater motivation in terms of human rights around the world.”
Mr. Obama, his family, aides and Secret Service agents took a six-boat “floater-cade” to the island, which served as a staging area for slave traders centuries ago. There is debate among historians about the extent of Goree Island’s role in the slave trade, but UNESCO describes it as a place where “hundreds of thousands of captured men, women and children were rounded up in chains to be shipped to servitude in the New World.”
The president stood for several minutes at the museum’s “door of no return,” peering “pensively” out to the sea, according to a pool reporter who accompanied Mr. Obama.
Mr. Obama called the tour a “very powerful moment” and said it helped him “fully appreciate the magnitude of the slave trade” and “get a sense in an intimate way” of the hardships slaves faced.
“These issues are all societal issues,” Mr. Sall said. “We cannot have a standard model which is applicable to all nations, all countries. Society has to absorb these issues; it has to take time to digest them.”
He said Senegal wouldn’t presume to dictate to the U.S. on its domestic policies such as capital punishment.
“In our country, we have abolished it for many years,” he said of the death penalty. “In other countries, it is the order of the day because the situation in the country requires it, and we do respect the choice of each country.”