There are blueprints from Senate Democrats and House Republicans, and on Monday House Democrats announced their own alternative. Likewise the House Republican Study Committee, the Congressional Black Caucus and the Congressional Progressive Caucus. But Mr. Obama and Senate Republicans have yet to offer up their own entries.
The SenateGOP said it probably won’t write a budget at all, preferring instead to stand behind the House Republicans’ version, while the White House has promised its blueprint in April — two months after the legal deadline.
“It’s never been this late since the modern budget act has been in place since 1974,” Rep. Paul Ryan, chairman of the House Budget Committee, said of Mr. Obama’s delay. “We’ve gone from the Senate stepping up and honoring its responsibility to the president not honoring his responsibilities to submit a budget, so we’re still two-for-three.”
Budgets don’t become law and generally are more vision statements than hard-and-fast rules for taxes and spending. That’s one reason the government has been able to operate for the past three years even though Congress hasn’t approved a budget since 2009, and Senate Democrats haven’t written one in two years.
But spending plans provide plenty of fodder for political attacks, and not writing one is seen as tantamount to dereliction of duty.
Republicans have routinely blasted Senate Democrats for not having a budget. Indeed, it has been 1,419 days since the Senate last adopted a blueprint, Sen. John Cornyn of Texas, the second-ranking Republican, reminded colleagues on the chamber floor Monday.
Of the major alternatives that will be offered, House Republicans’ bill would put the government in surplus in 10 years by relying on major domestic spending cuts while rejecting any new tax revenues.
The House Democrats’ version, which would take three decades to get to balance, cuts defense and health entitlements and relies chiefly on $1.2 trillion in new taxes. It also includes $200 billion in stimulus spending.
“We first and foremost are focused on putting Americans back to work,” said Rep. Chris Van Hollen, the ranking Democrat on the House Budget Committee who briefed reporters on the plan Monday.
Senate Democrats’ plan, which passed out of committee last week, is similar, with $1 trillion in tax increases and $100 billion in stimulus spending — though no balance within the 10-year budget window.
For fiscal 2014 — the upcoming year — the HouseGOP says its budget would leave a deficit of $528 billion, the House Democrats’ plan calls for $782 billion in red ink, and the Senate Democrats’ version is in between, leaving a $693 billion.
Each of those is an improvement over this year’s projected deficit of $845 billion.
Senate Republicans said that they didn’t offer their own budget because they couldn’t muster the votes to pass it through the chamber.
“I do not plan to offer a Republican budget. We don’t have the votes to do that,” Sen. Jeff Sessions of Alabama, ranking Republican on the Budget Committee, told reporters.