- The Washington Times - Friday, November 19, 2004

VIENNA, Austria — Iran is producing significant quantities of a gas that can be used to make nuclear arms just days before it must stop all work related to uranium enrichment, raising doubts about its commitment to dispel international distrust, diplomats said yesterday.

Iran recently started producing uranium hexafluoride at its gas-processing facilities in the central city of Isfahan, the diplomats said.

When introduced into centrifuges and spun, the substance can be enriched to varying degrees. Low-grade enriched uranium is used in nuclear power plants. Highly enriched uranium forms the core of nuclear warheads.

While Iran says it is only interested in enrichment to generate power, the United States and its allies accuse Tehran of wanting the technology to make weapons-grade uranium.

In the latest accusation, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell said Wednesday he had seen intelligence to confirm an assertion by an Iranian dissident group that Tehran is secretly running a program intended to produce nuclear weapons by next year.

Iranian Foreign Minister spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi dismissed that accusation yesterday.

“There is no place for weapons of mass destruction in Iran’s defense doctrine,” he said, according to the official Islamic Republic News Agency.

Mr. Asefi suggested that U.S. officials “reconsider their intelligence sources.”

In Washington yesterday a State Department spokesman defended Mr. Powell’s charges.

“We believe we are on very, very solid ground in pointing to a clandestine effort by Iran to develop weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems,” Adam Ereli told reporters.

Iran last week agreed to suspend uranium enrichment and all linked activities in a deal worked out with Britain, France, Germany and the European Union. The deal, which goes into force Monday, prohibits Iran from all uranium gas-processing activities, as well as other programs linked to enrichment.

A senior EU diplomat said Iran’s decision to carry out uranium processing right up to the freeze deadline disappointed the Europeans and cast doubt on Tehran’s good will — even if it did not violate the letter of the agreement.

It also appeared to bolster the U.S. effort to have the U.N. Security Council examine Tehran’s nuclear activities. When the deal was announced last week, it looked to weaken the U.S. drive, even though the agreement commits Iran to suspension only while a comprehensive aid agreement with the EU is finalized.

Asked about quantities being processed at Isfahan, one of the diplomats said, “It’s not little.” But he declined to elaborate.

But another diplomat familiar with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the U.N. nuclear watchdog, said the Iranians apparently were in the process of converting 22 tons of uranium into gas, either as a precursor to uranium hexafluoride or as the finished product.

Iran has huge reserves of raw uranium and has announced plans to extract more than 40 tons a year.

That amount, if converted to uranium hexafluoride and repeatedly spun in centrifuges, could theoretically yield more than 200 pounds of weapons-grade highly enriched uranium, enough for about five crude nuclear weapons.

Iranian officials say the Isfahan plant can convert more than 300 tons of uranium ore a year.

Iran announced suspension of enrichment last week, and the IAEA said it would police that commitment starting next week, ahead of a Nov. 25 meeting of the agency’s board of governors.

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