The CIA’s independent watchdog is investigating fewer than 10 cases in which terror suspects might have been swept away mistakenly to foreign countries by the spy agency, a figure lower than published reports but enough to raise concerns.
After the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, President Bush gave the CIA authority to conduct the operations, called “renditions,” and permitted the agency to act without case-by-case approval from the White House or other administration offices.
The highly classified practice involves apprehending terror suspects in one country and flying them to their home country or another where they are wanted for a crime or questioning.
Between 100 and 150 people have been snatched up since September 2001. Government officials say the action is reserved for those considered by the CIA to be the most serious terror suspects.
Mr. Bush has said that these transfers to other countries — with assurances the terror suspects won’t be tortured — protect the United States and its allies from attack. “That was the charge we have been given,” he said in March.
Some operations are being questioned.
The CIA’s inspector general, John Helgerson, is looking into fewer than 10 cases of potentially “erroneous renditions,” said an intelligence official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the investigations are classified. Others in the agency think the number is even lower, the official added.
For instance, someone may be grabbed wrongly or, after further investigation, may not be as directly linked to terrorism as initially thought.
Human rights groups consider the practice of rendition a runaround to avoid the judicial processes that the United States has long championed. Analysts with those groups and congressional committees familiar with intelligence programs say errors should be rare because one vivid anecdote can do significant damage.
Said Tom Malinowski, Washington office director of Human Rights Watch: “I am glad the CIA is investigating the cases that they are aware of, but by definition you are not going to be aware of all such cases, when you have a process designed to avoid judicial safeguards.”
He said there is no guarantee that Egypt, Uzbekistan or Syria will release people handed over to them if they turn out to be innocent, and he distrusts promises to the United States that the people will not be tortured.
Mr. Bush and his aides have said the United States seeks those assurances and follows up on them. “We do believe in protecting ourselves. We don’t believe in torture,” the president said.
In the past 18 months, his administration has come under fire for its policies and regulations governing detentions and interrogations in the war on terror. At facilities run by the CIA and the U.S. military, graphic images of abuse and at least 26 deaths investigated as criminal homicides have raised questions about how authorities handle foreign fighters and terror suspects in U.S. custody.
Senior administration officials have tried to stress that the cases are isolated instances among the more than 80,000 detainees held since September 11.