Richard Hubbard Howland, an architectural and art historian and classical archaeologist, died Oct. 24 at his home in the District. He was 96.
Born in Providence, R.I., Mr. Howland earned a bachelor’s degree from Brown University in 1931, a master’s degree in art history from Harvard University in 1933 and a doctoral degree in classical archaeology from Johns Hopkins University in 1946.
During World War II, he served as a section chief of the Office of Strategic Services in Washington and elsewhere.
Mr. Howland taught art history from 1939 to 1952 at Wellesley College and from 1947 until 1956 at Johns Hopkins, where he founded and headed the art history department.
In 1956, he moved to the District to become the first president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, a post he held until 1960. He traveled throughout the country to heighten public awareness of the purposes of the National Trust.
At the request of philanthropist Paul Mellon, he drew up a plan for the direction of the National Trust that resulted in a $1 million gift by Mr. Mellon.
In 1960, Mr. Howland became chairman of the Smithsonian Institution’s civil history department and later special assistant to Secretary S. Dillon Ripley.
In the 1960s, Mr. Howland headed a special mission to Ethiopia on behalf of UNESCO to help organize the preservation of its ancient monuments and artistic treasures. He undertook a similar mission to Nepal in 1969 on behalf of the trustees of the John D. Rockefeller III Fund concerning the conservation of historic structures in the Katmandu Valley.
He also established a collection of Victorian furnishings for the Smithsonian castle. With his encouragement, the Countess Mona Bismarck provided the National Museum of American History with some of her fabled wardrobe for its costume collection.
He retired in 1985.
His honors include decorations from the king — and a later one from the president — of Greece, and the Order of the British Empire from the Queen of England. Brown University awarded him an honorary degree in 1958 in recognition of his contributions to classical archaeology and scholarship in excavations at Athens and Corinth beginning in the 1930s and continuing into the 1970s.
Mr. Howland leaves no immediate survivors. His marriage in 1937 to Caroline Marie Bullard of Chicago ended in divorce.
Manuel D. Moreno, 75, Arizona bishop
TUCSON, Ariz. (AP) — Bishop emeritus Manuel D. Moreno, the son of a migrant farmworker who rose to became the nation’s sixth Hispanic bishop and led the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson for 21 years, has died. He was 75.
Bishop Moreno died Nov. 17 at his home in Tucson surrounded by friends and family after a long battle with prostate cancer and Parkinson’s disease, according to Fred Allison, a spokesman for the diocese.
His successor, Bishop Gerald F. Kicanas, called Bishop Moreno “a humble and loving person, aware of his own limitations, but always striving to do his best; a great servant of the Lord.”
Bishop Moreno, who as a teenager worked alongside his father picking walnuts and oranges, was ordained in 1961 and in 1976 became the nation’s sixth Hispanic priest elevated to bishop status, chosen by Pope Paul VI.
He led the Tucson Diocese for 21 years, retiring for health reasons in March 2003.
The diocese serves more than 350,000 Catholics across nine counties in southern Arizona.
As bishop, Bishop Moreno advocated human rights for illegal aliens.
He also was forced to deal with lawsuits stemming from charges of sexual abuse by priests in the diocese, including accusations that he had covered up abuses during his tenure.
Bishop Moreno admitted in a 2001 deposition knowing nine years earlier that a priest likely had sexually abused children but that he had not been truthful about it to the Vatican or the diocese.
Still, he denied in February 2002 that he had lied to the Vatican or southern Arizona’s Catholics.
Later that year, Bishop Moreno introduced a diocesan policy requiring mandatory reporting of suspected child abuse to law enforcement. It also called for defrocking priests found guilty and focused on abuse prevention.