- The Washington Times - Monday, April 27, 2009

NAIROBI, Kenya | The small white skiff approached the Italian cruise ship Melody after dinnertime as it sailed north of the Seychelles, the pirates firing wildly toward the 1,500 passengers and crew on board.

What the pirates didn’t expect was that, in the darkness, the crew would fire back.

In a new twist to the increasing scourge of Somali pirate hijackings, the private Israeli security forces aboard the MSC Cruises ocean liner fired on the pirates Saturday with pistols and water hoses, preventing them from clambering aboard, the company’s director, Domenico Pellegrino, said.

“It was an emergency operation,” Mr. Pellegrino told the Associated Press. “They didn’t expect such a quick response. They were surprised.”

Passengers were ordered to return to their cabins, and the lights on deck were switched off. The massive vessel then sailed on in darkness, eventually escorted by a Spanish warship to make sure it made it to its next port.

“It felt like we were in war,” the ship’s Italian commander, Ciro Pinto, told Italian state radio.

None of the roughly 1,000 passengers was hurt, and by Sunday afternoon, they were back out on deck sunning themselves, Mr. Pellegrino said.

But analysts say the unprecedented use of weapons by the ship’s security force could make things worse in the pirate-infested waters off the Horn of Africa, where more than 100 ships were attacked last year by Somalia-based pirates. In nearly all the hijackings, the crews were unharmed and were let go after a ransom was paid.

“There is a consensus in the shipping industry that, in the vast majority of cases, having an armed guard is not a good idea. The No. 1 reason is that it could cause an escalation of violence, and pirates that have so far been trying to scare ships could now start to kill people,” said Roger Middleton, a specialist on Somali piracy at London-based think tank Chatham House.

Other specialists disagree, saying piracy off the coast of modern-day Somalia is unique in that the pirates are most interested in human cargo.

“Their business model, if you will, has been to not cross a line which would bring the whole weight of the world upon them. They want to seize hostages and ransom those hostages. So the likelihood that they would escalate violence is unlikely,” said Africa specialist J. Peter Pham, director of the Nelson Institute for International and Public Affairs at James Madison University.

He argued that arming ships is not a sustainable solution, given that an estimated 20,000 ships pass through the Gulf of Aden each year.

“For the Melody, you’re talking about 1,000 passengers and 500 crew members, so maybe for 1,500 people paying to have security on board makes both economical and tactical sense - but when you’re dealing with ordinary cargo ships, it’s very different,” he said.

Mr. Pellegrino said MSC Cruises had Israeli private security forces on all its ships because they were the best. He said the pistols on board were at the discretion of the commander and the security forces.

The attack occurred near the Seychelles and about 500 miles east of Somalia, according to the anti-piracy flotilla headquarters of the Maritime Security Center Horn of Africa. The Melody was traveling up Africa’s east coast from Durban, South Africa, to Genoa, Italy.

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