- The Washington Times - Thursday, May 7, 2009



Social Security beneficiaries will get a one-time $250 bonus payment this month from President Obama’s economic recovery program that works out to $4.80 a week.

What the administration’s “Good news!” notification letter didn’t tell senior citizens who work is that some of them will have to give all or part of the money back when they pay their taxes next year.

That eventuality sets up a confusing paperwork situation that will add additional tax-compliance costs to working beneficiaries already struggling to pay quarterly taxes in their older years.

“This is a compliance headache that borders on being a nightmare. It’s going to be complicated to reconcile these payments,” said economist Kevin A. Hassett at the American Enterprise Institute.

The checks that will go out later this month to millions of Social Security retirees and beneficiaries of other federal entitlement programs are part of a little-noticed provision in the $800 billion economic recovery bill. However, the notices left some recipients - who work full- or part-time to supplement their income - wondering if they will also get to keep Mr. Obama’s Making Work Pay tax cuts for lower-to-middle-income workers.

In the murky world of tax-policy provisions, the answer seems to be that they can’t fully benefit from both. But one finds little if any discussion of this in either the Internal Revenue Service explanations or the Social Security Administration’s letter that went out to 50 million recipients.

“It’s not well-known. I have seen no publicity to tell people drawing Social Security that they are not eligible for both the Social Security payment and the Making Work Pay tax credit,” said Roberton Williams, senior fellow at the Tax Policy Center in the Urban Institute and a former tax analyst for the Congressional Budget Office.

“The only people who know this are those who carefully read the stimulus bill. It’s only 600 pages long,” Mr. Williams told me. Here’s the story: Congressional and Internal Revenue Service officials say you cannot double-dip into both programs and that if you are getting the bonus Social Security payment and also benefit from a lower withholding in your paychecks at work, the two will have to be reconciled when you report your income to the IRS.

“Beneficiaries who are working full time and collecting Social Security benefits will receive the one-time Social Security payment as well as the portion of the Making Work Pay [MWP] tax credit for which they are eligible,” explained Matthew Beck, Democratic spokesman for the House Ways and Means Committee that wrote the economic-recovery tax-cut provisions.

“However, workers receiving the full MWP tax credit will not be allowed to retain the $250 payment - they will have to reconcile the payments when they file their taxes in 2010,” Mr. Beck said.

Mr. Williams explains it this way: “Say they’re reducing your withholding for the last nine months of this year by $400 for a single worker, now subtract the $250 from the $400 and you will get a $150 credit,” he said. “Effectively, you do not get to keep the $250 if you are working enough to get the full $400 tax credit.

“You can get up to $400 total between the Social Security payment and the Making Work Pay tax withholding, but you can’t get more than that,” he said.

However, in an e-mail response to my questions, an IRS spokesman described this thorny tax-compliance thicket in more benign language that seemed to suggest workers may have some discretion over how they treat the payment when in fact they don’t.

“Individuals receiving [Social Security] payments under the economic recovery provision may want to evaluate their expected tax liability for the year and consider whether they need to make estimated tax payments or adjust their withholding,” the IRS official told me.

Mr. Obama’s Making Work Pay tax credit amounts to 6.2 percent of each worker’s income, giving them up to $800 in tax cuts for married couples filing jointly, and up to $400 for individuals.

The tax credit will mean $20.50 a week for joint filers and $10.25 a week for individuals,” said Mark Robyn, a tax analyst at the nonpartisan Tax Foundation. “It’s really not that impressive.”

But many Americans will see no change in their tax withholding in their paychecks. The MWP tax cuts are phased out for married couples who file a joint return whose adjusted gross income is between $150,000 and $190,000, and for single workers whose adjusted gross income is between $75,000 and $95,000.

Meantime, some analysts think there is something wrong about making working senior citizens give back some or all of their one-time economic recovery payment that is geared to helping people in the mist of a severe recession. “This certainly renders the ‘Making Work Pay’ label frustratingly ironic for working seniors. We should be giving seniors incentives to stay in the work force, not to leave it,” said Chuck Blahous, a former Social Security policy adviser to President George W. Bush.

Donald Lambro is chief political correspondent of The Washington Times.



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