- The Washington Times - Monday, October 5, 2009

TEHRAN | The visiting head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog set Oct. 25 as the date for his inspectors to check Iran’s newly revealed uranium enrichment site and struck an upbeat note Sunday, saying Tehran’s confrontation with the West is shifting gears to more cooperation and transparency.

Though the United Nations has no “concrete proof” of an ongoing nuclear weapons program, the chief of the organization’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Mohamed ElBaradei, said he has “concerns about Iran’s future intentions.”

The inspection of the site and the outcome of more nuclear talks later this month with the United States and its allies will be crucial in determining the direction of the six-year standoff over Iran’s nuclear activities.

“I see that we are at a critical moment. I see that we are shifting gears from confrontation into transparency and cooperation,” Mr. ElBaradei said at a news conference in Tehran with Iran’s top nuclear official.

His visit followed a week of intense diplomatic activity surrounding Iran’s nuclear program, set off by the revelation that Tehran had been secretly constructing a new uranium enrichment plant just north of the holy city of Qom. On Thursday, Iran and six world powers put nuclear talks back on track at a landmark session near Geneva that included the highest-level bilateral contact with the United States in years.

President Obama’s national security adviser said Sunday that Washington was also pleased with the level of cooperation from Iran.

“The fact that Iran came to the table and seemingly showed some degree of cooperation, I think, is a good thing,” retired Gen. James L. Jones said on CNN’s “State of the Union” program.

“But this is not going to be an open-ended process. … We, the world community, want to be satisfied within a short period of time,” Mr. Jones added. “So it’s not going to be extended discussions that we’re going to have before we draw our conclusions to what their real intent is. But for now, I think things are moving in the right direction.”

Mr. ElBaradei was in Iran to set up the U.N. inspection of the enrichment facility near Qom.

The site sparked serious concern, in part because its location next to a military base and partly inside a mountain adds to suspicions that Iran’s nuclear program could have a military dimension. Mr. Obama, who accuses Iran of seeking to keep the site hidden for years before notifying the IAEA about it, has said Tehran’s actions “raised grave doubts” about its promise to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes only.

Iran, which insists its nuclear work is only for nonmilitary purposes such as energy production and medical research, says the site’s location near a military base is intended to protect it from potential aerial bombing.

“It is important for us to send our inspectors to do a comprehensive verification of that facility, to assure ourselves that it is a facility that is built for peaceful purposes,” Mr. ElBaradei said, seated beside Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Iran’s nuclear agency. “We agreed that our inspectors would come here on the 25th of October to do the inspection and to go to Qom, and I hope and I trust that Iran will be as transparent with our inspectors team as possible.”

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad told Mr. ElBaradei that Iran’s cooperation with the agency has left no ambiguity over Tehran’s nuclear activities.

But the IAEA says there are still issues that Iran needs to clarify, including alleged studies by Iran on high explosives and a missile delivery system for a nuclear warhead.

“As I have said many times and I continue to say today, the agency has no complete proof that there is an ongoing weapons program in Iran,” Mr. ElBaradei said. “There are allegations that Iran has conducted weaponization studies. However, these allegations we are still looking into and we are looking to Iran to help us clarify.”

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