- Associated Press - Monday, September 27, 2010

JERUSALEM (AP) — Washington’s special Mideast envoy, using a slim lifeline from the Palestinians, rushed to the region on Tuesday on an emergency mission to keep peace talks from collapsing just weeks after they began.

Israel’s decision to resume new West Bank settlement construction after a 10-month moratorium expired on midnight Sunday has provoked Palestinian threats to walk out of the talks. It has also caused new friction between Israel and its powerful U.S. patron, which said it was “disappointed” with Israel’s refusal to relent.

On Monday night, Washington dispatched special envoy George Mitchell to the region to try to bridge gaps that Palestinian, Israel and American officials failed to close in a frenetic round of meetings in the U.S. last week.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas gave U.S. mediation more time to work when he announced Monday he wouldn’t decide whether to abandon the talks before consulting senior Arab officials in Cairo next week. An Arab League official told the Associated Press that Arab foreign ministers were expected to endorse whatever position Mr. Abbas took.

A senior Palestinian official said the Palestine Liberation Organization’s 18-member decision-making body would meet Wednesday or Thursday to formulate a position before Mr. Abbas meets with the league envoys. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was discussing internal Palestinian deliberations.

State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley praised Mr. Abbas for not immediately walking out of the talks and chided Israel for resisting international pressure to halt new housing starts in the West Bank — territory that Palestinians claim as part of their future state.

“We are disappointed, but we remain focused on our long-term objective and will be talking to the parties about the implications of the Israeli decision,” Mr. Crowley said Monday, adding that Mr. Mitchell would “sort through with the parties where we go from here.”

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and senior European officials also have criticized Israel’s decision.

In Paris on Tuesday, the Palestinian leader urged Israel to halt new West Bank settlement construction as long as Mideast peace talks continue, saying he feared the two sides might miss a “historic opportunity” if Israel refuses to renew a just-expired freeze on the building.

“If settlement stops, we will continue the negotiations. If not, we will stop,” Mr. Abbas said. “We cannot destroy this hope (for peace) with things that are secondary, like settlements,” he said.

Palestinian leaders, he added, hope Israel will halt settlement building “as long as there are negotiations.”

Immediately after the restrictions expired, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appealed to Mr. Abbas to keep negotiating. Mr. Netanyahu has indicated he would be prepared to limit new building, but he has refused to agree to a complete halt.

Mr. Netanyahu, a settlement champion who agreed under duress to impose the moratorium in late November, has told the United States that he cannot extend it because his partners in Israel’s pro-settlement government oppose such a move. But he has indicated he would be willing to impose some limitations on construction.

Israeli defense officials have suggested there might be an undeclared freeze, with Defense Minister Ehud Barak quietly exercising his authority to quash any new building projects.

Mr. Abbas told the French radio that Mr. Netanyahu “should know that peace is more important than settlements.”

In Gaza violence late Monday, three Palestinian militants were killed in a clash with Israeli soldiers, both sides said. The Israelis said their forces fired at militants near the border of central Gaza as they were about to launch rockets at Israel. A small, al-Qaeda-inspired group claimed responsibility on Tuesday.

Associated Press writers Jamey Keaten in Paris and Matthew Lee in Washington contributed to this report.


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