- Associated Press - Sunday, February 27, 2011

ZAWIYA, Libya (AP) — Hundreds of armed anti-government forces backed by rebel troops who control the city closest to Tripoli, the capital, prepared Sunday to repel an expected offensive by forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi surrounding Zawiya.

An Associated Press reporter who reached Zawiya, 30 miles west of Tripoli, confirmed that anti-government rebels are in control of the center of the city of 200,000. They have army tanks and anti-aircraft guns mounted on pickup trucks deployed. But on the outskirts, they are surrounded by pro-Gadhafi forces, also backed by tanks and anti-aircraft guns.

There were at least six checkpoints controlled by troops loyal to Col. Gadhafi on the road from Tripoli to Zawiya. Each checkpoint was reinforced by at least one tank, and the troops concealed their faces with scarves.

Col. Gadhafi has launched by far the bloodiest crackdown in a wave of anti-regime uprising sweeping the Arab world. The United States, Britain and the U.N. Security Council all imposed sanctions on Libya over the weekend, and President Obama said it is time for Col. Gadhafi to go.

Zawiya, a key city close to an oil port and refineries, is the nearest population center to Tripoli to fall into the opposition hands. Police stations and government offices inside the city have been torched, and anti-Gadhafi graffiti was everywhere. Many buildings are pockmarked by bullets.

Gadhafi out,” chanted hundreds in the city center. The charred skeletons of many cars littered the city, and most streets were blocked by palm tree trunks or metal barricades. “Free, free Libya,” chanted members of the anti-government forces at the city center.

“Down with Gadhafi, the mass murderer,” read graffiti scrawled in the city. An effigy of Col. Gadhafi hung from a light pole in the city’s main square; the words “Execute Gadhafi” were emblazoned on its chest.

The square now has become the burial place of six of 11 rebels killed by pro-Gadhafi forces Thursday when they attacked the area to try to dislodge them. Residents have reported several skirmishes between the two sides since Thursday.

“We are all wanted,” said one rebel at the square who did not want to give his name for fear of reprisals. “Zawiya in our hands is a direct threat to Tripoli.”

Rebels from the town and army forces who defected from the regime to join them largely consolidated control of the town on Feb. 24 after an army unit that remained loyal to Col. Gadhafi opened fire on a mosque where residents — some armed with hunting rifles for protection — were holding a sit-in.

Before Zawiya fell to rebel forces, Col. Gadhafi scolded the city residents in a speech on Tuesday.

“Shame on you, people of Zawiya, control your children,” he said. “They are loyal to bin Laden,” he said of those involved in the uprising. “What do you have to do with bin Laden, people of Zawiya? They are exploiting young people … I insist it is bin Laden.”

On Feb. 27, local forces repelled an attempt by militiamen and pro-Gadhafi troops to take back the town.

Later, Col. Gadhafi’s son Seif al-Islam acknowledged to foreign journalists in Tripoli that there were “two minor problems” in Misrata and Zawiya. There, he said, “we are dealing with terrorist people,” but he hoped to reach a peaceful settlement with them.

Gadhafi loyalists remain in control of nearby Tripoli, which was reported to be quiet Sunday, with most stores closed and long lines outside the few banks open for business.

City residents thronged the banks after state TV and SMS messages announced in the past few days that each family would receive 500 Libyan dinars (about $400), plus the equivalent of about $100 credit for phone service. State TV said families also will be entitled to 60,000 Libyan dinars (about $49,000) in interest-free loans to buy apartments.

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