MOGADISHU, SOMALIA — Heavy fighting erupted Thursday in Somalia’s capital as African Union peacekeepers launched an offensive aimed at protecting famine relief efforts from attacks by al Qaeda-linked militants, officials said. At least six people died.
Al-Shabab, Somalia’s dominant militant group, has sent 300 reinforcement fighters to Mogadishu in recent days, said Lt. Col. Paddy Ankunda, spokesman for the African Union peacekeeping force.
Col. Ankunda said the AU force believes that al-Shabab is trying to prevent aid from reaching the tens of thousands of famine refugees who have arrived in Mogadishu this month.
The al-Shabab militants already have killed men who tried to escape the famine with their families, saying it is better to starve than accept help from the West.
The World Food Program said it cannot reach 2.2 million people in need of aid in the militant-controlled areas in southern Somalia because of insecurity.
Col. Ankunda, a spokesman for the AU peacekeeping force in Somalia, said that AU forces had conducted a “short tactical offensive operation” Thursday in Mogadishu.
“This action will further increase security … and ensure that aid agencies can continue to operate to get vital supplies to internally displaced,” Col. Ankunda said in a statement.
“We are concerned about the extremists’ reckless attacks given the humanitarian activities being carried out presently,” he said.
Col. Ankunda said al-Shabab’s decision last week to rescind permission allowing aid groups to operate in the areas the militants control already has denied hundreds of thousands of Somalis access to food aid.
He said the African Union Mission in Somalia, known as AMISOM, will keep humanitarian organizations informed of their future operations to limit the impact on the relief efforts.
“AMISOM fully understands the need to restrain military operations while the aid agencies mount their humanitarian campaign. However, we are here to maintain stability in Mogadishu, and if we perceive a threat from the extremist insurgents, then it is our duty to protect and defend the most vulnerable from this threat,” he said.
Ali Muse, the head of Mogadishu’s ambulance service, said his workers had collected six bodies and 20 wounded people.
A medical official at Mogadishu airport said wounded AU peacekeepers were to be evacuated by airplane to Nairobi, the capital city of neighboring Kenya, to be treated of injuries they sustained in the fighting.
He spoke on condition of anonymity because he is not authorized to speak with the press. An Associated Press reporter watched as three wounded soldiers were put in a small jet for the flight.
Col. Ankunda said he could confirm only that two AU troops had been wounded.
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