SAN FRANCISCO — Hip-hop heavyweights known as much for their fiery political lyrics as for their bass-pounding beats have been among the thousands marching, tweeting and sharing dinner with protesters in the Occupy Oakland protests in recent weeks.
MC Hammer, Raymond “Boots” Riley of hip-hop group the Coup, and local rapper Mistah FAB have become a regular presence at the encampments, taking up bullhorns and staying until dawn even amid clashes with police.
Now, as the far-flung movement challenging the world’s economic systems and distribution of wealth gains momentum, the artists say despite their fame, they, too, stand for the 99 percent.
“I’m trying to make a soundtrack out there that rallies people around certain ideas about living in this system into motivation,” Mr. Riley said. “This movement is only a couple of months old, and if you compare anyone’s favorite social-change movement, they haven’t accomplished as much as what’s happened already.”
Rappers Talib Kweli, Kanye West and Lupe Fiasco also have visited protesters in New York City’s Zuccotti Park and in other major cities. But Oakland, Calif., became a rallying point for Occupy Wall Street demonstrators nationwide after an Iraq War veteran was injured two weeks ago in a tear gas-filled confrontation with riot police.
The working-class city’s music has long been fused with movements for social change.
The Black Panthers had their own house soul group named the Lumpens, which performed tunes like “Revolution is the Only Solution.” The now-deceased Tupac Shakur, who spent time in Oakland, rapped about police brutality after being beaten in a confrontation with local officers, and won his suit against the city.
“There is always a big element of politics that unfolds in Oakland’s hip-hop scene, even if on its surface it seems playful,” said Ali Colleen Neff, a former San Francisco Bay-area music critic who studies underground music movements at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “Boots and the others know there is power to be gained from this kind of coalition building across ethnic and cultural lines.”
Mr. Riley was born into a family of radical organizers, and came up in East Oakland. At 14, he joined a communist party and worked as an organizer in housing projects and farmworker communities, but decided to start his musical career after seeing the impact of Public Enemy’s anthem “Fight the Power.”
As the leader of the Coup, a left-leaning rap group that’s been politically active for about two decades, he is accustomed to criticism. Mr. Riley’s award-winning album “Party Music” was set to be released right after Sept. 11, 2001, with original cover art that depicted him and bandmate Pam the Funkstress destroying the Twin Towers, coincidentally shot months before the attacks. The release was delayed while his label prepared new cover art, but not before it was pilloried on conservative talk shows.
Since then, Mr. Riley has been named one of the most influential people of the year by Vibe Magazine, written a soundtrack for “The Simpsons” and formed a new band called the Street Sweeper Social Club with Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello, who performed before the Manhattan encampment.
Mr. Riley said he sees hope in Occupy Oakland’s autonomous structure and will take his cues from the movement’s decentralized decision-making bodies.
“No movement has had total unity of thought and action,” he said. “There are people who have a romanticized notion of how things are supposed to work, but it’s gotta be rough around the edges because that’s why we’re able to grow.”
After thousands of peaceful protesters rallied and danced in the streets on Wednesday, MC Hammer found himself in the middle of a police standoff before a splinter group clashed with authorities, setting fires, spraying graffiti and shattering windows.
“It’s tense down here … I’m lost for words … I’m (at)occupyoakland,” MC Hammer tweeted, posting pictures of officers forming a barricade. “The people are peaceful … . I’m in the camp, and now in the streets.”
Mistah FAB, a star in the West Coast “hyphy” scene, a local hip-hop strain, has been bringing his three-year-old daughter to the protests. He said he was sorry to see that the peaceful shutdown of the Port of Oakland ended in broken shop windows.
“I don’t agree with tearing down your own stuff, in your own city,” he said. “Those small-business owners work super hard to maintain these things they’ve built. They’re not the 1 percent.”
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