- Associated Press - Wednesday, April 18, 2012

BEIRUT (AP) — Plainclothes Syrian security agents opened fire at anti-regime protesters near the cars of U.N. monitors in a Damascus suburb Wednesday, a witness said. Amateur video showed people ducking for cover as gunshots rang out.

The videos could not be independently confirmed, but the Britain-based activist group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Syrian security forces fired at protesters in the suburb of Arbeen, wounding eight.

Wednesday’s shooting raised concerns for the safety of the monitors. Under a plan brokered by former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the U.N.-Arab League special envoy to Syria, six observers arrived in the country over the weekend as an advance team for a larger contingent meant to shore up a week-old cease-fire that has been buckling under regime assaults on opposition strongholds and several bombings and shootings by the rebels. The truce was supposed to pave the way for talks between Syrian President Bashar Assad and the opposition trying to topple him.

Mr. Annan’s spokesman, Ahmad Fazwi, confirmed that the U.N. observers were in Arbeen on Wednesday. He said it would be “appalling” if it was confirmed Syrian forces opened fire in the area.

Mr. Annan’s plan is seen as a last hope for reversing Syria’s slide toward civil war after a 13-month-old uprising to oust Mr. Assad killed more than 9,000 people, according to the United Nations.

Despite persistent violence, the international community is reluctant to declare the cease-fire dead, in part because it is seen as the only way to end bloodshed in Syria. Other options — such as foreign military intervention, arming Mr. Assad’s opponents and economic sanctions — either have been discarded or offer no quick solution. A deadlocked international community would be hard put to offer an alternative if it were to acknowledge the collapse of the truce.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is expected to send a letter to the U.N. Security Council later Wednesday to report on Syrian compliance with the truce, something that will help determine whether conditions are right to expand the observer mission.

In Arbeen, residents received word Wednesday that the observer team was en route to their area, said a local activist, who would only give his first name, Ahmed, for fear of repercussions. He said residents rushed into the streets to meet the observers and then walked alongside the U.N. vehicles.

He said the U.N. cars and the anti-regime protesters were heading toward a downtown area where Assad supporters and plainclothes security agents had taken up positions. Ahmed said that at some points the agents fired at the protesters.

Amateur video posted online appears to back up the narrative.

In one, hundreds of demonstrators clapping, waving Syrian flags and chanting in support of the rebel Free Syrian Army are seen crowding around at least three U.N. vehicles. A handwritten sign taped to one of the U.N. cars, apparently by the protesters, reads, “The butcher keeps killing, the observers keep observing and the people keep up the revolution.”

Another video shows hundreds walking along as the two U.N. vehicles slowly make their way through a wide street in Arbeen. When a shot rings out, the two U.N. cars speed away, leaving the demonstrators behind.

In a third video posted online by the same user, hundreds of people waving flags are seen in a march. Suddenly, they panic and run for cover. A narrator says they are being shot at while the observers are in the area and gunfire is heard in the background.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem promised that the regime would respect the cease-fire and withdraw troops from urban centers in line with Mr. Annan’s peace plan. However, the regime so far has ignored last week’s deadline to get tanks and troops off the streets.

Instead, Syrian soldiers continued to pound rebellious areas with artillery after an initial lull of about one day at the start the truce. The ongoing attacks have dimmed hopes for Annan’s plan.

Activists said regime forces fired mortar shells again at the central city of Homs, killing at least two civilians and sending thick gray smoke into the air as loud booms rang across residential areas. Homs has been battered by artillery for weeks, with just a brief respite at the start of the cease-fire.

The state news agency, SANA, said two separate roadside bombs killed 10 members of the security forces and a civilian in northern Syria. SANA reported that six soldiers were killed and 11 wounded in a blast in the village of Mastouma in Idlib province, while a second explosion in the Aleppo region killed four members of the security forces and a civilian.

The attacks were a sign that both sides have violated the cease-fire and could prompt the regime to intensify its assault on rebellious areas. Syria’s government has portrayed the uprising as a foreign-led conspiracy by terrorists and thugs.

Still, Mr. Moallem insisted that Syria is keeping its commitments. Syria will “continue to cooperate” with Mr. Annan’s efforts, the Chinese Foreign Ministry quoted Mr. Moallem as saying after he met with his Chinese counterpart in Beijing.

Syria will “honor and implement Annan’s six-point proposal, fulfill its cease-fire, troop withdrawal and other relevant commitments and begin cooperation with the U.N. monitoring team,” Mr. Moallem said, according to the statement.

China, Russia and Iran have been Syria’s staunchest allies. Security Council members Russia and China twice have shielded the Assad regime from international condemnation, but they also demanded that Syria comply with the Annan plan.

After Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told Mr. Moallem last week that Syria could do better, his Chinese counterpart, Yang Jiechi, urged his Syrian visitor Wednesday to make the Annan plan work.

Mr. Yang said he hoped Syria would “actively cooperate in putting in place the cease-fire monitoring mechanism, and sincerely embark on a process of inclusive political dialogue and reform to bring about a just, peaceful, and appropriate resolution to the Syrian question.”

Yang’s remarks were more pointed than in past, an indication that Beijing is looking for progress toward a reduction of violence that might dilute some of the criticism China has come under for blocking U.N. action on Syria.

Meanwhile, Mr. Ban is intensifying efforts to get a large contingent of observers on the ground to salvage the truce. He said a team of 250 monitors, as originally envisioned, might not be sufficient for the job. He also has asked the European Union for planes and helicopters to make the mission more effective.

Mr. Moallem said in Beijing that Syria would be ready to provide helicopters but made no reference to Mr. Ban’s request to the EU.

Syria is ready to make its air force available for the use of this delegation,” Mr. Moallem said. “As we have understood, what is needed are helicopters to evacuate the injured. If that is the issue, then we have the capabilities in our air force to carry this out.”

Associated Press writer Scott A. McDonald in Beijing contributed to this article.

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