- Associated Press - Thursday, April 26, 2012

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — A man wearing an Afghan army uniform fatally shot an American service member in southern Afghanistan, officials said Thursday, the latest in a string of attacks against U.S. and other foreign forces by their Afghan partners or insurgents in disguise.

Since the beginning of the year, at least 16 such attacks have taken place against American and other international troops. The U.S.-led coalition is trying to mentor and strengthen Afghan security forces so they can lead the fight against the Taliban and foreign troops can go home by the end of 2014. That mission, however, requires a measure of trust that repeatedly has been undermined by the deaths of coalition troops at the hands of their Afghan partners.

In one of the highest-profile attacks, a man working as a driver at the Afghan Interior Ministry shot dead two U.S. military advisers at close range in March. That incident alone led the U.S. military to temporarily pull all its advisers out of Afghan ministries.

U.S.-Afghan ties also have been under strain following the Koran burnings at a U.S. base and the alleged killing spree by an American soldier in the south in recent months. Relations appeared to be shifting back on track with Washington and Kabul agreeing to a long-awaited deal earlier this week on a strategic pact to govern the U.S. presence in Afghanistan until 2024.

The latest attack took place late Wednesday when the shooter turned his weapon on coalition troops and opened fire, the U.S. military said in a statement. International forces returned fire, killing the assailant, the statement said without providing further details. The incident was under investigation.

A senior U.S. defense official said the attack happened in Kandahar province and the coalition member killed was an American. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to release details.

It is possible the attacker was an insurgent disguised in an Afghan army uniform and not an actual member of the Afghan security forces. Such uniforms are easily available in markets in Afghanistan, and the Taliban has used them to mount previous attacks on international or Afghan military installations.

Since 2007, more than 80 NATO service members have been killed by Afghan security forces, according to an Associated Press tally, which is based on Pentagon figures released in February. More than 75 percent of the attacks have occurred in the past two years.

Also Thursday, three Afghan women were killed in the crossfire of a battle in the east. A mortar fired during the fighting in Wardak province hit a house, killing the women inside, said Shahidullah Shahid, a spokesman for the provincial governor

The battle began when Taliban fighters ambushed a NATO convoy, Mr. Shahid said. Both sides used heavy weapons, but it was not immediately clear who fired the mortar, he said.

Capt. Justin Brockhoff, a NATO spokesman, said reports indicate it was a joint Afghan and international patrol that came under fire. He said officials were looking into reports that “civilian casualties may have been caused by the engagement.”

Last year was the deadliest on record for civilians in the Afghan war, with 3,021 killed, according to the United Nations. Taliban-affiliated militants were responsible for more than three-quarters of those deaths.

Associated Press writers Chris Blake in Kabul and Robert Burns in Washington contributed to this report.

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