LOS ANGELES (AP) — Whitney Houston, who ruled as pop music’s queen until her majestic voice was ravaged by drug use and her regal image was tarnished by erratic behavior and a tumultuous marriage to singer Bobby Brown, died Saturday on the eve of the Grammy Awards, over which she once reigned. She was 48.
Beverly Hills police Lt. Mark Rosen said Miss Houston was pronounced dead Saturday afternoon in her room on the fourth floor of the Beverly Hilton.
“There were no obvious signs of any criminal intent,” Lt. Rosen said.
A Los Angeles County coroner’s official said early Sunday that her body had been taken to a morgue. Miss Houston’s publicist, Kristen Foster, said the cause of death was unknown.
Lt. Rosen said police received a 911 call from hotel security about Miss Houston. Paramedics who were already at the hotel because of a Grammy party were not able to resuscitate her, he said.
Miss Houston’s death came on the day before music’s biggest showcase, the Grammys. She will be remembered Sunday in a tribute by Jennifer Hudson, organizers said.
Her longtime mentor, Clive Davis, went ahead with his annual concert at the same hotel where her body was found. He dedicated the evening to her and asked for a moment of silence as a photo of the singer, hands wide open, looking to the sky, appeared on the screen.
Miss Houston was supposed to appear at the gala, and Mr. Davis had told the Associated Press that she would perhaps perform.
“It’s her favorite night of the year … (so) who knows by the end of the evening,” he said.
Miss Houston had been at rehearsals for the show Thursday, coaching singers Brandy and Monica, according to a person who was at the event but was not authorized to speak publicly about it. The person said Miss Houston looked disheveled, was sweating profusely, and liquor and cigarettes could be smelled on her breath.
Two days ago, she performed at a pre-Grammy party with singer Kelly Price. Singer Kenny Lattimore hosted the event and said Miss Houston sang the gospel classic “Jesus Loves Me” with Miss Price, her voice registering softly, not with the same power it had at its height.
Mr. Lattimore said Miss Houston was gregarious and was in a good mood, surrounded by friends and family, including daughter Bobbi Kristina.
“She just seemed like she was having a great night that night,” said Mr. Lattimore, who said he was in shock over her death.
Aretha Franklin, her godmother, also said she was stunned.
“I just can’t talk about it now,” Miss Franklin said in a short statement. “It’s so stunning and unbelievable. I couldn’t believe what I was reading coming across the TV screen.”
The Rev. Al Sharpton said he would call for a national prayer Sunday morning during a service at Second Baptist Church in Los Angeles.
“The morning of the Grammys, the world should pause and pray for the memory of a gifted songbird,” Mr. Sharpton said in a statement.
In a statement, Recording Academy President and CEO Neil Portnow said Miss Houston “was one of the world’s greatest pop singers of all time who leaves behind a robust musical soundtrack spanning the past three decades.”
At her peak, Miss Houston was the golden girl of the music industry. From the mid-1980s to the late 1990s, she was one of the world’s best-selling artists. She wowed audiences with effortless, powerful and peerless vocals rooted in the black church but made palatable to the masses with a pop sheen.
Her success carried her beyond music to movies, where she starred in hits such as “The Bodyguard” and “Waiting to Exhale.”
She had the perfect voice and the perfect image: a gorgeous singer who had sex appeal but was never overtly sexual and who maintained perfect poise.
She influenced a generation of younger singers, from Christina Aguilera to Mariah Carey, who when she first came out sounded so much like Miss Houston that many thought it was Miss Houston.
But by the end of her career, Miss Houston became a stunning cautionary tale of the toll of drug use. Her album sales plummeted, and the hits stopped coming; her once serene image was shattered by a wild demeanor and bizarre public appearances. She confessed to abusing cocaine, marijuana and pills, and her once pristine voice became raspy and hoarse, unable to hit the high notes as she had during her prime.
“The biggest devil is me. I’m either my best friend or my worst enemy,” Miss Houston told ABC’s Diane Sawyer in an infamous 2002 interview with then-husband Mr. Brown by her side.
It was a tragic fall for a superstar who was one of the top-selling artists in pop music history, with more than 55 million records sold in the United States alone.
She seemed to be born into greatness: She was the daughter of gospel singer Cissy Houston and the cousin of 1960s pop diva Dionne Warwick, in addition to being Miss Franklin’s goddaughter.
Miss Houston first started singing in church as a child. In her teens, she sang backup for Chaka Khan, Jermaine Jackson and others, in addition to modeling. It was around that time that music mogul Clive Davis first heard Miss Houston perform.
“The time that I first saw her singing in her mother’s act in a club … it was such a stunning impact,” Mr. Davis told “Good Morning America.”
“To hear this young girl breathe such fire into this song. I mean, it really sent the proverbial tingles up my spine,” he added.
Before long, the rest of the country would feel it, too. Miss Houston made her album debut in 1985 with “Whitney Houston,” which sold millions and spawned hit after hit. “Saving All My Love for You” brought her her first Grammy, for best female pop vocal. “How Will I Know,” ”You Give Good Love” and “The Greatest Love of All” also became hit singles.
Another multiplatinum album, “Whitney,” came out in 1987 and included such hits as “Where Do Broken Hearts Go” and “I Wanna Dance With Somebody.”
The New York Times wrote that Miss Houston “possesses one of her generation’s most powerful gospel-trained voices, but she eschews many of the churchier mannerisms of her forerunners. She uses ornamental gospel phrasing only sparingly, and instead of projecting an earthy, tearful vulnerability, communicates cool self-assurance and strength, building pop ballads to majestic, sustained peaks of intensity.”
Her decision not to follow the more soulful inflections of singers such as Miss Franklin drew criticism by some who saw her as playing down her black roots to go pop and reach white audiences. The criticism would become a constant refrain through much of her career. She was even booed during the Soul Train Awards in 1989.
“Sometimes it gets down to that, you know?” she told Katie Couric in 1996. “You’re not black enough for them. I don’t know. You’re not R&B enough. You’re very pop. The white audience has taken you away from them.”
Some saw her 1992 marriage to former New Edition member and soul crooner Bobby Brown as an attempt to respond to those critics. It seemed to be an odd union: She was seen as pop’s pure princess while he had a bad-boy image and already had children of his own. (The couple had one daughter, Bobbi Kristina, born in 1993.) Over the years, he would be arrested several times, on charges including DUI and failure to pay child support.
But Miss Houston said their true personalities were not as far apart as people may have believed.
“When you love, you love. I mean, do you stop loving somebody because you have different images? You know, Bobby and I basically come from the same place,” she told Rolling Stone in 1993. “You see somebody, and you deal with their image — that’s their image. It’s part of them; it’s not the whole picture. I am not always in a sequined gown. I am nobody’s angel. I can get down and dirty. I can get raunchy.”
Mr. Brown was getting ready to perform at a New Edition reunion tour in Southaven, Miss., as news spread about Miss Houston’s death. The group went ahead with its performance, though Mr. Brown appeared overcome with emotion when his voice cracked at the beginning of a ballad and he left the stage.
Before his departure, he told the sellout crowd: “First of all, I want to tell you that I love you all. Second, I would like to say, I love you, Whitney. The hardest thing for me to do is to come on this stage.”
Mr. Brown said he decided to perform because fans had shown their loyalty to the group for more than 25 years. During an intermission, one of Miss Houston’s early hits, “You Give Good Love,” played over the speakers. Fans stood up and began singing along.
It would take several years for the public to see the “down and dirty” side of Miss Houston. Her moving 1991 rendition of “The Star-Spangled Banner” at the Super Bowl, amid the first Gulf War, set a new standard and once again reaffirmed her as America’s sweetheart.
In 1992, she became a star in the acting world with “The Bodyguard.” Despite mixed reviews, the story of a singer (Miss Houston) guarded by a former Secret Service agent (Kevin Costner) was an international success.
It also gave her perhaps her most memorable hit: a searing, stunning rendition of Dolly Parton’s “I Will Always Love You,” which sat atop the charts for weeks. It was Grammy’s Record of the Year and Best Female Pop Vocal, and the “Bodyguard” soundtrack was named Album of the Year.
She returned to the big screen in 1995-96 with “Waiting to Exhale” and “The Preacher’s Wife.” Both spawned soundtrack albums, and another hit studio album, “My Love Is Your Love,” in 1998, brought her a Grammy for best female R&B vocal for the cut “It’s Not Right but It’s Okay.”
But during these career and personal highs, Miss Houston was using drugs. In an interview with Oprah Winfrey in 2009, she said by the time “The Preacher’s Wife” was released, “(doing drugs) was an everyday thing. … I would do my work, but after I did my work, for a whole year or two, it was every day. … I wasn’t happy by that point in time. I was losing myself.”
In the interview, Miss Houston blamed her rocky marriage to Mr. Brown, which included a charge of domestic abuse against Mr. Brown in 1993. They divorced in 2007.
Miss Houston would go to rehab twice before she would declare herself drug-free to Miss Winfrey in 2009. But in the interim, there were missed concert dates, a stop at an airport because of drugs, and public meltdowns.
She was so startlingly thin during a 2001 Michael Jackson tribute concert that rumors spread she had died the next day. Her crude behavior and jittery appearance on Mr. Brown’s reality show, “Being Bobby Brown,” was an example of her sad decline. Her Sawyer interview, where she declared that “crack is whack,” was often parodied. She dropped out of the spotlight for a few years.
Miss Houston staged what seemed to be a successful comeback with the 2009 album “I Look to You.” The album debuted on the top of the charts and would eventually go platinum.
Things soon fell apart. A concert to promote the album on “Good Morning America” went awry as Miss Houston’s voice sounded ragged and off-key. She blamed an interview with Miss Winfrey for straining her voice.
A world tour launched overseas, however, only confirmed suspicions that Miss Houston had lost her treasured gift, as she failed to hit notes and left many fans unimpressed; some walked out. Canceled concert dates raised speculation that she may have been abusing drugs, but she denied those claims and said she was in great shape, blaming illness for cancellations.
Miss Houston was to make her return to film in the remake of the classic movie “Sparkle.” Filming on the movie, which stars former “American Idol” winner Jordin Sparks, recently wrapped.
Simon Cowell told CNN’s Piers Morgan on Saturday night that he had been considering Miss Houston as a possible judge on the U.S. version of his talent competition, “The X Factor.”
“She would have been the ultimate, ultimate mentor to any contestant coming on the show,” Mr. Cowell said.
Associated Press writers Andrew Dalton in Los Angeles and Adrian Sainz in Memphis, Tenn., contributed to this report.
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