- Associated Press - Wednesday, February 29, 2012

BEIRUT (AP) — Syrian troops advanced Wednesday on a key rebel-held neighborhood in Homs, and an official vowed it would be “cleansed,” raising fears of a ground operation to retake all of the central city, which has become a symbol of the uprising to oust President Bashar Assad.

Government forces have been shelling Homs heavily, particularly the rebel-controlled Baba Amr neighborhood, for more than three weeks with tanks, artillery and rockets. Three Western journalists are among 100,000 residents trapped in the siege of Baba Amr.

A Syrian official vowed early in the day that Baba Amr would be “cleansed” within hours. The official spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations. The announcement could portend a ground operation, but it was impossible to reach residents and activists inside to get any information.

The Obama administration summoned Syria’s senior envoy in the U.S. to express outrage over the offensive on Homs. The State Department said its top diplomat for the Mideast, Jeffrey Feltman, met with Zuheir Jabbour, the highest-ranking official at the Syrian Embassy in Washington.

Homs, Syria’s third-largest city, with a population of about 1 million, has become the major center of both anti-government resistance and reprisal, fueled in part by increasingly bold army defectors who want to bring down Mr. Assad’s autocratic regime by force. The U.N. warned Tuesday that Syria’s conflict looks increasingly like a civil war.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told members of Congress on Tuesday that Mr. Assad fits the definition of a war criminal.

U.N. humanitarian chief Valerie Amos said Syria had denied her repeated requests to visit. The U.N. has appointed former Secretary-General Kofi Annan as its envoy to Syria, but a Syrian official said the government has not yet decided if he can enter the country.

Four Western journalists — two of them wounded — had been trapped in Baba Amr since last week, when two other foreign reporters were killed there by a government attack. On Tuesday, Syrian rebels smuggled out Briton Paul Conroy, one of the four journalists, and whisked him safely across the border into Lebanon. Activists said 13 Syrians involved in the rescue operation were killed during it.

Activists said regime forces discovered a nearly 1.5-mile-long tunnel that was used by activists to smuggle people, food and medicine into Baba Amr. The activists said it was not clear whether the regime would blow it up.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said electricity had been cut on the rebel-held Homs neighborhoods of Bayadah and Khaldiyeh and the military had redeployed some forces in what could be preparation for an attack on those areas as well.

The French government confirmed Wednesday that two French reporters, Edith Bouvier of Le Figaro and William Daniels, remained trapped in Baba Amr. Ms. Bouvier and Mr. Conroy were wounded last week in the same attack that killed American journalist Marie Colvin and French photographer Remi Ochlik.

The French Foreign Ministry demanded that the Syrian regime ensure conditions that allow for the “sure and rapid evacuation” of the two French journalists, “notably through an immediate cease-fire in Baba Amr.”

“France is mobilized to accomplish the priority evacuation of its two citizens blocked in Homs, in liaison with Syrian authorities,” as well as the Red Cross and Red Crescent, ministry spokesman Bernard Valero said.

He said the government will not comment further for security reasons.

Spanish reporter Javier Espinosa, who works for the major Spanish daily El Mundo, also remained trapped in Baba Amr, El Mundo said on Wednesday. The paper said it had spoken briefly with him on Tuesday evening and he said he was “OK.” The paper said it did not think Mr. Espinosa is injured and did not know where he is staying.

In Damascus, Foreign Ministry spokesman Jihad Makdesi claimed Syria is committed to a humanitarian evacuation of foreign journalists from Homs province, but he alleged that the government’s attempts were foiled by gunmen in the area.

Mr. Makdesi told reporters that foreign journalists sneaked into Syria illegally and some may have been smuggled in, “a matter which has raised skepticism about the nature of their mission and the reality of their work.”

Troops also entered the central town of Halfaya in the province of Hama, near Homs, after five days of intense shelling, activists said. They said the rebel-held town of Rastan, just north of Homs, was subjected to shelling and casualties were reported.

On Tuesday, the United Nations raised its death toll for the almost yearlong uprising to 7,500, an increase of 2,000 from just two months earlier. Syrian activists say the toll has surpassed 8,000, nearly 6,000 of them civilians and the rest military forces or army defectors fighting the regime. On Monday and Tuesday alone, activists reported more than 250 people killed.

Navanethem “Navi” Pillay, U.N. high commissioner for human rights, on Tuesday cited a U.N. expert panel’s report that concluded that Syrian government officials were responsible for “crimes against humanity” committed by security forces against opposition members. The alleged crimes included shelling civilians, executing deserters and torturing detainees. Some opposition groups, too, have committed gross abuses, the report alleged.

Activists say hundreds of people have been killed in Baba Amr since Feb. 4, when the assault on Homs began. Activists and residents inside Baba Amr could not be reached early Wednesday.

The Observatory also reported that two people were killed Wednesday in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour and the northern village of Maghara.

The Local Coordination Committees reported that the town of Sermin in the northwestern province of Idlib was subjected to shelling in the past days. An Associated Press team in the town witnessed cars run over by army tanks as well as damaged homes and shops.

On Tuesday, residents held a funeral for a man they said was beheaded when troops stormed the town on Sunday.

Sheik Moussa, a Sermin resident, said during the funeral, “They are killing people who have nothing to do with all this, who have nothing to do with the situation.”

Syria’s state-run news agency said three gunmen were killed and others were wounded as they tried to cross from Lebanon into Homs province. The agency said a Syrian soldiers was wounded in the clash.

Also Wednesday, China urged world powers to provide humanitarian assistance to Syria, as Beijing tries to bolster diplomacy while continuing to oppose any armed outside intervention in the conflict.

A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said that Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi broached the idea of assistance in telephone conversations this week with the head of the Arab League and the foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia and Algeria.

China defied Western powers and the Arab League by joining Russia to veto a U.N. resolution that outlined plans to end the conflict and condemned Mr. Assad’s crackdown on anti-government forces. China was concerned the resolution would pave the way for the West to intervene and unseat an authoritarian government, as it had in Libya.

Associated Press writer Albert Aji contributed to this report from Damascus, Syria.

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