- Associated Press - Thursday, March 1, 2012

KABUL, Afghanistan — Two American soldiers were killed Thursday in a shooting by an Afghan soldier and a literacy teacher at a joint base in southern Afghanistan, officials said, the latest in a series of deaths as anti-Americanism rises following the burning of Korans by U.S. soldiers.

Both were killed on the same day that the top NATO commander allowed a small number of foreign advisers to return to work at Afghan ministries after more than a week of being locked down in secure locations because of the killing of two other Americans.

Thursday’s killings raised to six the number of Americans killed in less than two weeks amid heightened tensions over the Feb, 20 burning of Korans and other Islamic texts that had been dumped in a garbage pit at Bagram Airfield near Kabul. More than 30 Afghans also were killed in six days of violent riots that broke out after the incident.

President Obama and other U.S. officials apologized and said the burning was an accident, but that has failed to quell the anger.

Two U.S. officials in Washington confirmed the two slain NATO service members were Americans. One said details of the killings Thursday in southern Afghanistan were still unclear, but officials believe there were three attackers, two of whom subsequently were killed. He said the third may be in custody. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak on the record.

The shootings on Thursday were the latest in a series of attacks by Afghan security forces — or militants disguised in their uniforms — against Americans and other members of the international alliance. Last month, the Pentagon released data showing that 75 percent of the more than 45 insider attacks since 2007 occurred in the past two years.

They are likely to raise further questions about the training of Afghan security forces by coalition troops as foreign forces prepare to withdraw by 2014.

Hundreds of advisers were pulled out of ministries and other government locations after an Afghan gunman shot and killed two U.S. military advisers on Feb. 25 inside their office at the Interior Ministry. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the ministry shootings, saying they were conducted in retaliation for last week’s Koran burnings, but no one has been arrested in the case.

An Afghan soldier also killed two U.S. troops in eastern Afghanistan on Feb. 23 during a protest over the Koran burnings.

Lt. Col. Jimmie Cummings, a U.S. military spokesman, said Thursday that Marine Gen. John Allen, the top commander in Afghanistan, approved the return of selected personnel. He could not elaborate on which ministries were involved, but an Afghan official said some had returned to a department setting up a government-run security force that will guard international development projects.

A NATO official said less than a dozen advisers had returned. Both officials spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

Foreign advisers are key to helping improve governance and prepare Afghan security forces to take on more responsibility. The U.S. already is reducing its own troop presence by 30,000 at the end of the summer. Many of the remaining soldiers will switch from fighting to training and mentoring Afghan forces.

In Thursday’s shooting, NATO said a man in an Afghan army uniform and another in civilian clothes opened fired on coalition and Afghan soldiers, killing two foreign troops. It did not provide further details, and Afghan and U.S. officials gave conflicting accounts about the sequence of events.

A district chief in southern Kandahar’s Zhari district said the shootings took place on a NATO base when an Afghan civilian who taught a literacy course for Afghan soldiers and lived on the base started shooting at NATO troops. Niaz Mohammad Sarhadi said that the shootings occurred at 3 a.m. and that NATO troops returned fire and killed the man and an Afghan soldier.

Mohammad Mohssan, an Afghan army spokesman in Kandahar city, confirmed that the incident occurred at a base in Zhari and involved two Afghans, one of whom was a soldier, who opened fire on coalition troops from a sentry tower. He said both were killed.

In Washington, one of the two officials said two men were thought involved— an Afghan army officer and a civilian who taught a literacy course on the base for Afghan soldiers. The pair opened fire on an Afghan sentry tower at the forward operating base, then climbed it and began shooting at NATO troops on the ground, the official said.

The head of the United Nations in Afghanistan said Thursday that the military personnel who had disposed of the Korans should be punished.

Mr. Obama said Wednesday that his apology to Afghan President Hamid Karzai after U.S. forces mistakenly burned the Korans had “calmed things down,” but he told ABC News that “we’re not out of the woods yet.” He said he apologized to assuage Afghan anger and protect U.S. forces.

Muslim protests over the burnings have ebbed this week, but the killings of the two U.S. military officers at the Interior Ministry came after Mr. Obama’s apology last week.

Western officials have said a joint investigation by NATO and Afghan officials into the burnings was nearly complete, and preliminary findings could be released within days.

The report, a military official said, also might include recommendations for disciplinary action, but those are expected to be included — if necessary — in a more detailed report that will be ready sometime next month. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because the investigation is still in progress.

Jan Kubic, who runs the U.N. mission in Afghanistan, told reporters that after “the profound apology there must be the second step” after the completion of the investigation. He said that step was “appropriate disciplinary action.”

“Because only after such a disciplinary action the international military forces would be able to say yes, we are sincere,” Mr. Kubic said.

He said it was up to the military to figure out how to solve the problem created by the Koran burnings.

“It’s not us, the U.N., who desecrated the Holy Koran, it is the military, and it’s up to the military to decide what kind of steps they will take,” Mr. Kubic said.

Associated Press writers Pauline Jelinek in Washington, Mirwais Khan in Kandahar and Amir Shah in Kabul contributed to this report.

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