- Associated Press - Friday, December 21, 2018

SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP) - The South Dakota Department of Health has reported its first case of a nervous system disorder called acute flaccid myelitis, or AFM.

The Argus Leader reports that the patient was reported to the Department of Health in November and was hospitalized after experiencing “mild respiratory illness” with a fever and developing muscle weakness.

No other cases in South Dakota have been reported.

AFM is a rare but serious condition that causes muscles to weaken. It is most often diagnosed in children. Symptoms include sudden muscle weakness in the arms or legs and can include facial droop or weakness, difficulty moving the eyes, drooping eyelids and difficulty swallowing or slurred speech.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says in 2018 there have been 165 confirmed AFM cases in 36 states.



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Information from: Argus Leader, http://www.argusleader.com

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