- The Washington Times - Friday, October 13, 2000

Chase Manhattan hasn't pulled funding for Scouts


I bank with Chase Manhattan Corp., so when I read in your editorial "Scouts under fire" (Oct. 6) that Chase had pulled funding from the Scouts, I wanted to write a letter expressing disappointment. However, first I wanted to hear what Chase had said about the matter.
I thought you'd like to know that a Chase Manhattan news release dated Aug. 31 says that while the bank did temporarily withhold funding while it reviewed its support of the Scouts, the bank finally concluded that it would continue its support.
AUTUMN F. COOK
New York
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Due to the reaction of its customers, Chase Manhattan Corp. decided to continue funding the Boy Scouts. I have a Chase Manhattan Visa card, and when I heard that the company had suspended funding, I decided to e-mail the company, telling officials that I was sending my card back to them. The company decided to continue supporting the Scouts before I even had time to mail it. Evidently, I was not alone in my reaction.
KAREN NEVADUNSKY
Cape Coral, Fla.

Al Gore's economy-wrecking energy policy


I would add Vice President Al Gore's energy policy to the list of Mr. Gore's wealth-destroying schemes Donald Lambro catalogs ("Ideas that could wreck the economy," Oct. 5).
As the undisputed father of the Kyoto Protocol, Mr. Gore is behind the adoption of a treaty that would put severe restrictions on the use of energy. The treaty is based on the dubious premise that manmade emissions of greenhouse gases are contributing to an artificial warning of the planet. To deal with this "crisis," the Kyoto Protocol requires industrialized nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels by 2008-2012. The only way this can be done is to restrict to use of energy, notably that derived from the burning of fossil fuels.
This comes at a time when worldwide demand for energy is soaring. Electricity use in the United States alone has risen by 60 percent since 1980, and the trend is expected to continue. Driven by the expansion of the Internet and the proliferation of computers, the "new economy" and the prosperity it is creating are dependent on reliable and cost-effective sources of energy. Mr. Gore promotes the use of "renewable" energy sources wind, solar and biomass but they currently account for just 2 percent of our energy needs. His fundamental hostility toward expanded exploration of domestic sources of oil and natural gas only limits the energy choices he would offer the nation.
BONNER R. COHEN
Senior fellow
Lexington Institute
Washington

John Marshall's judicious example often overlooked


I find it revealing that Professor Gary Galles, in his column "Migratory birds and the Commerce Clause" (Commentary, Oct. 10) selectively quotes The Federalist and ignores the classic judicial interpretation of congressional power over commerce the opinion of Chief Justice John Marshall in Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824). Unlike Mr. Galles, Marshall did not suppose that regulate meant merely to make regular by removing impediments. The power to regulate commerce among the states, Marshall said, is the power to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed, a view in keeping with the Oxford English Dictionary's tracing of regulate to mean control, direct or govern back to its origins in the 17th century.
Mr. Galles next ignores Marshall's reminder that the commerce subject to regulation by Congress involves more than one state. But most devastatingly for him and fellow conservatives who like judicial supremacy when its results suit them, Marshall also pointed out that the Supreme Court is not the final arbiter of the extent of the power of commerce: The wisdom and the discretion of the lawmakers of Congress, their identity with the people, and the influence that their constituents possess at elections are, in this, as in many other instances, the sole restraints on which people have relied, to secure them from abuses of power. They are the restraints on which the people must often rely solely, in all representative governments.
Conservatives must resist their own temptations, as liberals never seem to do, to listen to the siren song of government by judiciary.
MATTHEW J. FRANCK
Chairman and associate professor
Department of Political Science
Radford University
Radford, Va.

Lab animals necessary for Nobel-winning medical research


This year's Nobel Prize in medicine, awarded for groundbreaking research into how brain cells communicate, serves as a timely reminder of the valuable and necessary role laboratory animals play in making medical progress ("3 brain researchers share Nobel Prize," Oct. 10).
Animal studies were an important component of the work of the three scientists who were honored this week Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel. Their research led the way for the development of drugs to treat Parkinson's disease and depression, brought us new understanding of schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease and continues to assist cutting-edge neurological research.
Although more than 90 percent of all laboratory animals are rodents, it is fascinating to note that because of their very simple nervous system sea slugs were an early model for Dr. Kandel's studies into learning and memory. Mice later became part of his investigation.
This is the sixth consecutive year in which the Nobel Prize in medicine has been awarded for research in which studies of laboratory animals played a vital role. A recent survey of the top doctors and scientists who have been honored in past years found the laureates in near universal agreement that humane research with laboratory animals has been and will remain crucial to the development of most medical advances.
Doctors and scientists who study laboratory animals are increasingly being targeted by animal rights activists. Let's give our appreciation and full support to these men and women who are working to advance medical knowledge and improve the health of us all.
JACQUIE CALNAN
President
Americans for Medical Progress
Alexandria

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