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In spring training, Gwynn had surgery on his left hand. After 13 games, he was hitting .244.

Then Gwynn hit the disabled list after spraining his thumb rounding first base in Pittsburgh. On June 13, he was hitting .237.

But he hit .406 in July and .367 in the last 73 games of the season to finish at .313.

Gwynn won the batting title by watching videotapes of his previous at-bats, from 1984 when he won his first batting title (.351) and from 1987 when he won his second (.370).

Gwynn kept a taped record of every at-bat, starting with his first one. He was the first to use this technology, and it is his legacy.

Now every ballpark is equipped with a film room, where players can prepare for pitchers before the game or even between at-bats.

Early in his career, Gwynn was chided for lugging videotapes on the road. Yesterday, it paid off.