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The end of the Civil War brought many changes to Canada. America’s reunion prompted Canadian Confederation in 1867. Former Confederate President Jefferson Davis moved to Mont-real to escape threats on his life. Many former slaves returned to the United States, hoping for a new future.

And then there is the Mount Vernon of Canada.

In 1886, Baltimore’s Dr. Powhatan Clarke, named for his ancestor chief, the father of Pocahontas, discovered a secluded and beautiful valley called North Hatley on the aptly named Lake Massawippi in Quebec. Seeing it as a place to vacation outside of the still-resented Northern states, Dr. Clarke pioneered the first American colony in Canada, largely consisting of wealthy Southerners who would pull their rail-car blinds while passing through New England.

In 1900, Henry Atkinson, owner of Atlanta’s Georgia Power Co., capped this mainly Confederate encampment with the Birches, a pillared mansion inspired by George Washington’s home in Virginia. It had its own stables, coach house and servants’ quarters. Today it’s a five-star country inn known as Hovey Manor.