When President Bush first met Russian President Vladimir Putin, he looked into his eyes and said he could trust him.
About the same time, John McCain said, “when I look into his eyes, I see a K, a G and a B” - the acronym of the Soviet Union’s Stalinist secret police for whom torture and murder was a form of recreation.
Mr. McCain never trusted Mr. Putin. He believed the former KGB agent neither supported nor accepted the independence movement that swept Eastern Europe when the Evil Empire fell apart and ended up on the ash heap of history. When others were supporting Mr. Putin’s bid for membership in the exclusive G-8 club of economic powers, Mr. McCain opposed it.
Events have proven Mr. McCain right from the beginning. Mr. Putin has crushed dissent in Russia, dismantled a free press, thrown corporate executives in prison on trumped-up state charges, took control of the country’s oil and gas industry, and eliminated anyone who got in his way. Now he seems bent on reconstructing the old Soviet Union through military might.
Last week he sent troops, tanks and bombers into neighboring Georgia (an ancient country seized by the Red Army in 1922) on the preposterous pretext of saving Ossetia, a breakaway province where Georgia’s army was attempting to quell a separatist uprising.
Before the weekend was over, Mr. Putin had sent Russian forces, bearing the old Soviet Union flag, into the Abkhazia region, and then deeper into Georgia, bombing cities and towns (2,000 were killed in South Ossetia alone) and instituting a naval blockade on Georgia’s Black Sea coastline.
By Tuesday, Georgian officials feared the Russian army was moving toward Tbilisi, its capital, threatening to topple the government. Then in a deal being negotiated by French President Nicolas Sarkozy, both sides agreed to pull back their troops, leaving the Russians occupying the two disputed provinces as so-called “peacekeepers” - an untenable situation that gives Russia defacto control over sovereign Georgian territory.
There is little doubt now, if there ever was, who is running Russia, and it isn’t the figurehead President Dmitry Medvedev. Prime Minister Putin has taken control of the military invasion as its commander in chief.
Eastern European countries were left wondering if they were Russia’s next target. European leaders faced their deadliest crisis since the Cold War.
Mr. Bush harshly condemned the attack on the pro-American nation. Administration officials said it marked a return to Soviet-style aggression.
But here at home, all eyes were on Mr. McCain and Barack Obama to see how they would respond to the first major foreign policy crisis of the 2008 presidential election. This was a test of their judgment and foreign policy acumen, the equivalent of the hypothetical 3 a.m. White House phone call Hillary Clinton raised when she attacked the freshman senator’s inexperience. Early in the crisis, the contrast between how the two men responded couldn’t have been sharper.
Mr. McCain laid out a preliminary response Saturday, supporting the United States, European Union and NATO “acting together by sending a delegation to the region to broker a cease-fire.” He backed a declaration by Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania that “aggression against a small country in Europe will not be passed over in silence or with meaningless statements equating the victims with the victimizers.”
On Monday, he provided a much more detailed response:
c NATO’s North Atlantic Council should “convene in emergency session to demand a cease-fire” and begin discussions on an international peacekeeping force in South Ossetia.